1) Rotten Apple
a) -Rotten apple theory describes a situation where only a few officers are
independently engaged in corrupt acts
2) Rotten Pocket
a) -A rotten pocket exists when several corrupt officers cooperate with one another
b) -Ex. several officers
What is "differential response to crime"?
Classifying calls according to their seriousness. Based on the number of calls for
service. Identify hot spots of criminal activity.
- delayed response, no response, or immediate response.
-311 non emergency calls
resource dependency theory
the premise that organizations form relationships with publics to acquire the
resources they need to fulfill their values
what influences policing organizations?
how do officers spend their time?
Police reformer that deveolped the idea of problem oriented policing
How do officers spend their time?
Who is Herman Golstein and what did he do?
problem oriented policing (POP)
what are the different organizational perspectives of policing
understand the pitfalls of community policing
Role of the police can become confused, police may become involved in
neighborhood politics, potential loss of control of officers which could lead to
understand the underpinnings of community polic
Who are some of the main figures in the development of policing
How has bureaucracy influenced policing?
-SOP: standard operating procedural manual
-written policies on/ about police work
how has professionalism influenced policing
what is DWB?
Driving while black- using discrimination against races
he completed longitudinal research on the police and their personality and
fleeing felon rule
limits the amount of force that can be used on fleeing felons.
Mapp v. Ohio (1961)
how has bureaucracy influenced policing?
- standard operating procedure manual
-written policies about police work
-established written rules on deadly force
how has professionalism influenced policing?
Project Safe Neighborhood
target guns and gangs
brings together federal, state, and local law enforcement, prosecutors, and community
leaders to deter and punish gun crime
kansas city preventative patrol experiment
increase patrol no affect on crime
order maintenance issues w/ homeless, mentally ill, and juveniles
-homeless: transient, hard to keep track of
-ill: officers aren't trained in mental health issues
-juvenile: discretion to handle them formally or informally
Skolnick's perceptions of polic
what influences police orgs?
-civil service rules
understand rationales/models of order maintenance outlined by Mastrofski in the Project
for Policing Neighborhood
-crime prophylactic model
-police knowledge model
what are the differing policing perspectives?
What is the industry perspective?
-provides comprehensive picture of all the different producers of police
services in a particular area.
-provides a consumers
1) Early Intervention Systems
a) -Mechanism of police accountability
b) -"best practice" for enhancing police accountability
c) -shows all the complaints, officer use of force reports, etc.
d) -You can catch it early and assign programs
e) -Minority of of
1) 6 Major Areas of Change
a) 1) Technology
b) 2) Crime analysis
c) 3) Employment practices
d) 4) Police research
e) 5) War on terror
f) 6) Economic issues
2) Opportunities Due to Computerization
a) -NCIC, FBI's database of info
b) -License Plate Readers
a) "As long as there have been police there has been corruption."
b) -The downward spiral
2) 1st-minor gratuities
3) 2nd-grass eaters
4) 3rd-meat eaters
a) -Acts involving the misuse of authority by a police officer in a manner de
1) Social Structural Theory
a) -Says that criminal law, cultural conflict, and politics encourage and sustain
b) -Criminal law regulate activities that some LEOs don't agree with
c) -Culture is broad in the US and some people think the law offe
a) -Consultation between the police and public, usually done in the form of
community meeting, serves four functions:
a.i) 1)Citizens can express needs
a.ii) 2) Police can educate citizens
a.iii) 3)Citizens can complain about police
1) Community Partnership Needs:
a) -An official action taken by a CJ official based on their judgment about the best
course of action. It is governed by a number of legal and bureaucratic factors
1) Crime Reporting
a) -Only 50% violent crime reported
b) -39% property crime reported
2) Why not report crime?
a) -21% believe it's a personal matter
b) -17% are attempted, not completed
a) -15% assigned to detective work
4) Preliminary Inve
1) Why change police strategy?
a) -Distance from the citizens
b) -The old ways weren't working
c) -A different way of looking at the role
d) -Realization that the police needed the public
2) Main Elements of Community Policing 3 Main Elements:
a) -The misuse of discretion can involve discrimination against racial or ethnic
b) -Differential treatment based on some extralegal category such as race, ethnicity,
a) -Refers to different outcomes tha
crime prevention through environmental design
What is fragmentation,as it relates to policing, and why is it a major problem?
Broken down into separate, decentralized parts. Major problem being that it is a
lack of coordination between agencies in t