ID: Small brown waterbird with white bill with black ring at its tip. Has black throat
patch in summer.
Habitat: Lives on lakes and ponds around North A
Jake Kreuzer, Troy DeGroot, Frankie Paladino
Outline for Management Proposal
1) Studying bass population
a.i) Substrate and water quality in ponds
a.ii)Total fish population
southwest quadrant. Bearings to azimuths
180 PLUS bearing angle.
Northwest quadrant. bearings to azimuths
360 minus bearing angle.
process of determining a location by measuring angles to it from known
NRM 308 Common herp natural history exercise
Briefly describe the habitat and diet of the following herps found in MI.
Red-backed Salamander (Plethodon cinereus)
Habitat: Terrestrial; deciduous forests under leaf litter, logs, and rocks. Must live in
Navigational instrument that shows directions in a stationary frame of reference relative
to the surface of the earth. Determines direction.
Lines of longitude converge
Location on earth with strongest electromagnetic cha
Continuum of energy that ranges from low-frequency/large wavelengths to highfrequency/small wavelengths.
Ratio of energy bouncing off an object to the energy incident upon the object.
Dependent on surface roughness. f
vertical distance of a GEOGRAPHIC LOCATION above/below the surface of
vertical distance of an OBJECT above a reference point on the surface of the
earth (mean sea level).
Process of measuring differences in ele
Shows magnetic declination.
North of a geographic area represented on a map. approximates true north.
Generalized view of an area (portion of earth surface), as seen from above at a greatly
-geographical image o
Natural History: MI Birds
Habitat: Freshwater ponds and lakes with adequate aquatic vegetation for
Diet: Small fish, crayfish, and aquatic insects
Great Blue Heron
NRM 308 Population Regulations
1. Based on density dependence
a. Influences change proportionately with population
b. Shortages and competition
b.i. Interspecific: between species
b.ii. Intraspecific: inside species
2. Competition (only if resource is lim
NRM 308 Wildlife as a Public Trust
~Policy: sources of pressure leading to policy
-political fence jumping
-political change leads to change in policy
-policies set after pieces of legislation
-once policies are set, they are largely administered
NRM 380 Food and Cover
~seasonal needs for both may change
-vegetation often provides both
-cover (thermal) can lessen need for food
-animals must balance getting and processing food with the danger acquiring it with energy and
NRM 308 Ecology and Evolution of Feeding Behavior/Defense
~ecological arms race between eaters and escapers
~several of SPP depends on finding enough to eat to produce enough offspring to balance
those eaten (mortality)
~selection pressure applied to pred
NRM 308 CITES and ARP
~CITES or Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of wild fauna and flora
-125 member nations
-prevents import/export of endangered SPP
-species listed in 1 of 3 appendixes:
-SPP endangered by trade (rhino)
NRM 308 Steps of Adaptive Management
1. Situation analysis: product is managers model
a. Purpose of engagement is to affirm management need
b. Apply local knowledge to refine or validate management system
c. Faster public trust and ownership through trans
NRM 308 What is Wildlife Management?
~Wildlife: non-domestic animals
-wild vertebrae animals
-practical ecology of all vertebrates and plant and animal associates
-<12% of birds are gone
-<10% of mammals are gone
NRM 308 Brief History of Wildlife Management
-It is based on European roots
-In Europe, wildlife is managed by the landowner
-Jagermeisters (hunting masters) manage wildlife and hunt
- Privately employed by estate ownersvery little public land.