what patho is treated with antibiotics and (sometimes) mechanical ventilation
MYOBACTERIUM TUBERCULOSIS: inhaled as a small, (1)_ droplet which becomes
airborne due to (2)_.
If reaches alveoli, it incubates for (3) _ weeks
1. DRY2. COUGH OR SNEE
what is the major cause of intimal injury?
Surgery (damage a lot of tissue so typical to be places on heparin/anti-coag post surgery as a
precaution. Surgery = High risk for DVT)
PE assoct with blood clotting in the venous sys. Also can be due to (3)
there is an association for sleep-disordered breathing in pts with what pathos (name 5)
Obstructive Sleep Apnea: periods of apnea during REM sleep caused by (1)_ due to
1. mechanical upper airway obstruction
2. loss of mm tone
what med is a combo of albuterol (b2 agonist) & ipratropium (anticholinergic)?
what med is a combo of serevent (b2 agonist) & flovent (steroi
what is hemothorax?
blood in the pleural cavity
Dx pneumothorax with ChestXR and lung sounds.what listen for?
NOTHING. no sound on involved side
how to treat pneumothorax? what precautions?
Chest tube to restore neg. pressure. DON'T PULL Out/break the sea
pulmonary edema can be caused by (2).
leftside heart failure
TREAT the underlying causes above
after surgery, start heparin on IV, then begin an oral Coumadin. If can't be on an anticoagulant, what do?
put in IVC filter to catch the clot
describe a V/Q scan (no longer that common clinically)
1. ventilate with radioactive gas
2. inject radioactive gas
3. compare the images
with what symptom, should you think PE first and then rule out?
pain with breathing
with what Sx should you think DVT
2 end results of Who Group 1 Pulm. HTN
Vasoconstriction & excessive endothelial proliferation
Group 1 PH medical mgmt. what 2 fns of the meds?
1. vasodilation of pulm. aa
2. inhibit proliferation (control edema)
_ is generic name for viagra & origin
how are liver failure & poor nutrition connected (related) in regards to causing pleural
liver-one FN is to manufacture albumin (Protein component of blood). High protein
concentration in blood draws blood in/keep a good concentration (f
high RR/low TV and Vent mm fatigue found especially with what 2 disease types? Why
does it cause dyspnea?
inability to take deep breathes>high RR>increased demand on respiratory mm>prone
to fatigue>dyspnea/reduced exercise tol