Case Study: IBD
1. Describe the assessment you need to perform to determine what may be occurring with
M.K. came in to the hospital experiencing many GI issues. In order to further
evaluate the situation, there ar
Case Study: Shock
1. What is MODS? After reviewing WAs presentation, what organ systems do you suspect
are involved and why?
MODS stands for multiple organ dysfunction syndrome and it is when there is a lack
Case Study: Breast Cancer
1. What are R.M.s risk factors for cancer?
R.M.s risk factors include her age, her gender, that she has a smoking history of 25
pack-years, her mother and aunt died of breast cancer, her siste
Case Study: COPD with Exacerbation
1. What in D.B.s history is commonly associated with pulmonary problems?
D.B. is a male and was a smoker for over 30 years. This places him at an increased
risk for pulmonary problems
Case Study: Diabetes Mellitus
1. What assessments do you need to perform?
Assessments that need to be performed on T.A. is a respiratory assessment because
he is having SOB and rapid breathing, a cardio assessment beca
Case Study: AKI
1. Interpret A.S.s laboratory test results and describe their significance.
A.S. laboratory test results signify that she may be in acute kidney failure, also
known as acute kidney injury, or AKI. Her h
Cancer cells proliferate at the same rate as normal cells of the tissue from which they arise but sometimes they
produce two cells at the time of mitosis.
Oncogenes can change a normal cell to a malignant one.
Alterations in tumor suppres
Anemia is the deficiency in the number of _ caused by blood loss, impaired production or
What are the clinical manifestations of anemia?
Dyspnea, Tachycardia, pallor, cheilitis (inflamma
Anemia/ Thrombocytopenia NCLEX style questions
1. You are reviewing the complete blood count for a patient who has been admitted for knee
arthroscopy. Which value is most important to report to the physician before surgery?
a. Hematocrit of 33% (norm 35-5
Endocrine NCLEX style questions
1. A client is brought to the ED in an unresponsive state, and a diagnosis of hyperglycemic
hyperosmolar nonketotic syndrome is made. The nurse would immediately prepare to initiate
which anticipated health care providers p
1) .What is diabetes mellitus (DM)?
Chronic multisystem disease related to abnormal insulin production, impaired insulin
utilization or both.
a). What is Type 1?
Think of it as having NO insulin totally insulin dependent- aut
Respiratory NCLEX style questions
1. The nurse is caring for a client hospitalized with acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive
pulmonary disease. Which finding would the nurse expect to note on assessment of this client?
SELECT ALL THAT APPLY
Shock and Burns
Characterized by decreased tissue perfusion & impaired cellular metabolism.
Imbalance in supply/demand for O2 and nutrients.
Classification of Shock
Cardiac NCLEX style questions
1. You are working in the emergency department (ED) when a client arrives reporting substernal
and left arm discomfort that has been going on for about 3 hours. Which laboratory test will be
most useful in determining whether
Neuro Worksheet Answers
Any patient who becomes unconscious acutely should be suspected of having _.
What are common causes of Increased ICP?
Mass (contusion, tumor), cerebral edema (hydrocephalus)
Increased ICP could lead to?
1. Code Blue Team:
a. Team leader: this is often a physician or anesthetist
a.i. Confirm code, direct meds and defibulator
b. Crowd Nurse
b.i. Direct people/traffic control, equipmen
From the years 1997-2007, there have been 446 medication-related sentinel events according
to the Joint Commission. 32 of those events have been from anticoagu
Bed rail-related entrapment is a sentential event. The Joint Commission proposed this topic of
discussion in Issue 27 in 2002. They looked at statistics of rail-related ent
Case Study: Myocardial Infraction
1. What are F.M.s modifiable risk factors for coronary artery disease (CAD)? What are his nonmodifiable risk factors?
F.M.s modifiable risk factors are his high blood pressure, smoking ha
Care of the Patient with Renal Dysfunction
Functions of the Kidney
Red blood cell (RBC) production
Blood pressure regulation
Clearance of toxins and fluid balance
Care of the Patient with GI Dysfunction
Cirrhosis of Liver
Chronic progressive disease of the liver- specific cause not always known
Most common causes in United States are chronic hepatitis C and alcohol-induced liver disease
HIV is a retrovirus that causes immunosuppression causing infection susceptibility.
HIV is transmitted by Blood, Semen, Vaginal Secretions & Breast Milk.
What are the clinical manifestations in the following stages?
Acute infection- fever, s
Coronary artery disease (CAD) is a blood vessel disorder that is described as Hardening of the arteries.
Describe the following stages of the development of CAD
Fatty streaks- lipid filled smooth muscle cells causing a yellow tinge, by a
Acute kidney injury is a rapid loss of kidney function characterized by a
rise in _ and a decrease in _ _.
Creatnine, urine output
Describe the following causes of AKI:
Prerenal- External factors that lower ci rculation causing a r
Irritable bowel syndrome is classified as either _ or _. (Ulcerative
colitis or Crohns)
What are the characteristics of ulcerative colitis?
Rectal bleeding, starts at rectum spreads up, mucosa and submucosa, fluid and electrolyte,
Acute kidney injury is a rapid loss of kidney function characterized by a rise in creatinine and
a decrease in urine output.
Describe the following causes of AKI:
Describe the following phases of AKI:
Oliguric phase: reduction in u
Care of the Patient w/ Neurovascular Dysfunction
At this conclusion of this activity students will be able to;
Develop a POC r/t stroke, traumatic head and spinal cord injury
Structures & Functions of Nervous System
The cranial nerves (CNs)
Case Study: Stroke
1. B.W.s daughter wants more information on the recent changes that occurred with her
mother. You will briefly explain to her the pathophysiology for which a stroke occurs,
including the difference