Argues that the alleged inferiority of women has more to do with the standard by which
moral development is measured rather than the quality of female's thinking.
In terms of development, girls are taught and trained to be more nurturing,
Criticisms of MD
scoring disagreements ( ~25% of time).
rankings may reflect verbal abilities more so than moral level attained (young
kids cannot express themselves)
Reflect a number of Biases:
political bias- liberals tend to rank higher in this hierar
Level 1: preconvention Morality
At this level children conform to rules imposed by authority figures in order to obtain rewards
and avoid punishment. Moral decisions are based on CONSEQUENCES of an act, not
Stage 1: punishment and obedience
Changes caused by.
children are increasingly away from their adult authority figures for much of the time and
are spending a lot of time with equal status peers.
Because they are free from adult authority they have to negotiate for themselves. They
Premoral period (up to age 4 /5)
preschool children show little awareness of rules
purpose of the game is to take turns and have fun
rules which exist are idiosyncratic
Parents and older children are more tolerant of kids behavior
at the end of this s
Morality Concern for children:
Notions of fairness and justice in their environments.
recess (playing games)-> taking turns, following a set of rules. Upset this
balance and the children get upset, it is wrong to do this
home-> Questions such as why can
Concrete operational stage (7 to 11 years)
Begin to think logically - The childs logic takes a great leap forward with development
of new internal operations, such as conservation and class inclusion, but is still tied to the
known world; by the end of th
Sensormotor Stage (birth- 2years)
Thought is based on action: A child learns about objects through the sensory information
provided by the objects (how they look, feel, and taste) and the actions that can be
performed on them (sucking, grasping, hitting,
Assimilation: refers to the incorporation of new knowledge into existing cognitive structures or
For example a child learns that his/her four legged pet is called a dog.
Upon being introduced to cats, horse or cows, the child will assimilate the
Seek to explain the structure and development of the individuals thought process and
their impact on behavior
Emphasize mental aspects of development such as logic and memory
For example, a cognitive theorist might propose that ba