Introduction: dening sociotechnical systems
Social: concerning groups of people or the general public
Technical: based on physical sciences and their application
Sociotechnical systems: technical works involving signicant social
Design progression in
Introduction: architecting process components
Having outlined the products of architecting (models) in Chapter 8, this
chapter turns to its process. The goal is not a formal process denition.
Introduction: the manufacturing domain
Although manufacturing is often treated as if it were but one step in the
development of a product, it is also a major system in itself. It has its own
architecture.1 It has a syste
Heuristics as tools
Introduction: a metaphor
Mathematicians are still smiling over a gentle self-introduction by one of
their famed members. There are three kinds of mathematicians, he said,
those that know how to count and those that dont. Th
No system can survive that doesnt serve a useful purpose.
Introduction: the form-rst paradigm
The classical architecting paradigm is not the only way to create and build
large complex systems, nor
The political process and
Brenda Forman, Ph.D.
Introduction: the political challenge
The process of systems architecting requires two things above all others:
value judgments by the client and technical choices by the
Heuristics for systems-level
Experience is the hardest kind of teacher.
It gives you the test rst and the lesson afterward.
(Susan Ruth 1993)
Introduction: organizing the list
The heuristics to follow were selected from Rechtin, 19