Humans and their Environment:
Fresh water Wetlands-Functions:
good water filtration systems
nursery grounds, lots of animals spend their life cycles in wetland areas
rich in wild life: birds, turtles, snakes, plankton
Vertebrates are Craniates with a Backbone
The way of life and unique characters of the lamprey.
Lamprey(Family Petromyzontida) are the oldest vertebrates(but
jawless) and inhabit both marine and freshwater environment
Exoskeleton made of cartilage and
Chapters 52 and 54 Ecology 1
1. Distinguish among the following types of ecology: organismal, population,
community, ecosystem, and landscape
Ecology is the scientific study of the interactions between organisms and the
environment. Types of ecology:
Amniotes have Tetrapods with Amniotic Eggs
The amniotic egg and its significance in the evolution of reptiles and
Amniotes evolved shelled egg that retains water and can be laid in a
Amniotic egg, has extraembryonic membranes
Steven Avery April 13, 2005 Bisc. 102 TA: Louis
Ecobeaker #5-Butterflies Report
To Euguene, Oregon:
I have done some experiments with my nifty ecobeaker lab to help the city determine an optimal way to maximize the butterfly population. In order t
Product and Energy Flow: -High evaporation rate around the equator, more than the Polar Regions because air rises near equator -At the equator, sunset/sunrise never changesAlaska has very long summer days -Belts and cells of air circulation about a r
Exxon Valdez Oil Spill Disease Genetic engineering EIA Decision making Nutrition Risk assessment Galapagos Antarctica Decision making: Delphi trying to get a range of opinionsanonymousavoid group think Ngtyou have a leader and face to face discussion
March 24, 2005 Slide Show 7 EIA: Environmental Impact Assessment. ES: Environmental Statement EIR: Environmental Impact Report DEIS(or R): Draft of (as opposed to final) Scoping: The first meeting of the principals involved with the EIA(head of group
Steve Avery March 23, 2005 Bisc. 102 TA: Louis Fish Lab Determining an equilibrium point between maintaining a stable population of fish and gaining profit can be tricky. The idea behind the simpler harvesting strategies is that if you dont want the
Steven Avery February 5, 2005 Bisc. 102 Page Museum Field Trip Extinct mammals, like the saber-toothed cats and mammoths, and birds, like Merriam's Teratorn and Grinnell's Eagle, roamed the Los Angeles Basin for several hundred thousand years. These
Leslie Evans February 9, 2005 BISC 102 TA: Louis
Mammoths, saber-toothed cats, wolves and birds, such as the Grinnells Eagle, are all extinct mammals that lived in the Los Angeles Basin for several hundred thousand years. These and other extinct spec
Midterm 2 Review Recombinationknow general idea Allopathic, paropathic know definitions Evolution is key Darwins theory of natural selection Population dynamics that leads into evolution Know people who came up with theories/concepts Gleason/Clements
Chapter 32 AN INTRODUCTION TO ANIMAL DIVERSITY
The characteristics that combine to define animals. (1.3 million living species
of animals have been identified)
Multicellular, heterotrophic(consume organic substrates to grow)
Lack the cell
Chapter 33 INVERTEBRATES
Animals that lack a backbone, 95% of known animal species,
Inhabit nearly al environments, though most are aquatic
Sponges (Phyla Calcarea ad Silicea)
Why sponges are considered to be basal animals.
Among simplest animals.
17. The characteristics that distinguish the phylum Mollusca from the other
soft bodied animals most of them with hard calcium carbonate shells
18. The basic body plan of a mollusc and how it has been modified.
Body plan composed of
Tetrapods are Gnathostomes with Limbs
Define and distinguish among gnathostomes, tetrapods, and amniotes.
Characteristics of tetrapods
Four feet, wit digist to transmit muscle force to the fround
Bones of pelvic girdle are fused to vertebrae so that t
MIDTERM 3 Review sheet
9. Distinguish among the acoelomate, pseudocoelomate, and coelomate grades.
functions of a body cavity.
Fluid cushions the suspended organs, hydrostatic skeleton against
which muscles can work and enables the internal organs to
Mammals are Amniotes with Hair and Milk
The derived traits characteristic of mammals.
Hair made of keratin
Born not hatched(mostly)
Larger brains than vertebrates of equal size
The features that led to the name of the clade Lophotrochozoa.
Posses structure called lophophore or go through trochophore larval
9. The characteristics of the phylum Platyhelminthes that distinguish it from the
Humans are Bipedal Mammals with Large Brains
The term hominin and hominoid.
Hominin:Humans and their relatives
Hominoid: Humans and apes
36. The evolutionary changes that occurred in the course of human evolution
about 35 million to 5 million yea
The feature that led to the name of the clade Ecdysozoa.
Ecdysis(molting): shedding of an external coat(exoskeleton/cuticle) as
22. The characteristics of the phylum Nematoda that distinguish it from other
34. The developmental similarities between echinoderms and chordates. Why
phyla with deuterostome development are not included in the clade
Similarities between echinoderms and chordates
4. The characteristics of the phylum Cnidaria that distinguish it from other animal
Have a radial body plan
Basic body plan is a sac with a central digestive compartment, the
gastrovascular cavity(functions as both mouth and anus).
CHAPTER 34 VERTEBRATES
Invertebrate Chordates and the Origin of Vertebrates
Chart page 699
The four derived traits that define the phylum Chordata.
Notochord- provides skeletal support throughout most of the length of
Dorsal, hollow nerve cord
Bisc Notes for 4/13/05 -Lime disease started in N.E. United States, now common in N. California and Oregon -Adult tick that is a carrier is the size of a pepper grain -If treated within a few weeks, you can be ok. Otherwise, causes severe damage to b
February 17, 2005 Slide Show 5 Credation, competition, availability of food, climateare the four factors on population Competition between species that compete for the same resource (food) Paramecium.only 1 species survived.but in reality, both usual
April 28, 2005 In the Antarctic, the entire food web is sustained by krill. Kelp gull is the only species of gull in the Antarctic Galapagos: The animals are extraordinarily friendly because they arent afraid of people since there arent people with g
BISC 102 FINAL RESEARCH PAPER (spring 2007)
Question: How does [your chosen issue] impact the sustainability of the anthropogenic planet? In other words, why is this issue important to us in an age when humans have such a strong influence on the envi
Botkin, Daniel B., and Edward A. Keller. Environmental Science Earth as a Planet. 5th ed. United States of America: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2005. 53-71.
Brown, Tom. "The Impact of Overpopulation on Our Planet." Kennesaw State Universi
Midterm II (NOV 1st, 07)
evolutionary stable strategy (ESS) - evolution as a result of small cumulative steps: o small steps based on previos successful steps leads to rapid evolution. o "single step evolution" impossible; would never get evolution