consists in the actual
If P, the Q.
unsure of god
(1932- ), contemporary,
proponent of free will
more than one meaning
600 BC - 300 AD
Dont forget to sign in by the end of class. There will be a sheet going around at
What makes wrong actions wrong?
An act is wrong if and only if
Lets talk about necessary and sufficient conditions.
Lets try to give a definition of a term, lik
Relativist views: what makes wrong actions wrong is what people think.
Harm-based views: what makes wrong actions wrong is the harm they cause.
But, these views need to make certain qualifications. Not all actions that cause harm are
wrong e.g., non-conse
Lecture Notes February 2, 2016
Lets begin by talking about methodology.
Lets talk first about grammar. Someone give me an example of a grammatical
Rule 1: A sentence must start with a capital letter.
Rule 2: A sentence must end with a period or othe
No attendance sheet today!
We are starting with a group activity (groups of 4). Weve seen that some actions cause harm,
but there are lots of ways that harm might not make something wrong. We are considering
when if ever an action might involve delib
Lecture Notes January 28, 2016
If you are sitting in the last five rows, move forward
If you are passed an attendance sheet from your section, sign in. If not, consult
Repugnant Conclusion (RC): For any possible world containing a populati
Last class we discussed utilitarianism and objections to it.
One problem for all forms of consequentialism is that one must do the act with the best
Are there cases of actions that are wrong even when they dont have bad consequences or
1. Examine your _
2. Have _ for your sins.
3. _ your sins.
4. The priest's _.
5. Do the _ assigned.
According to David Hume, behavior that
offends the moral sensibilities is _
and therefore, immoral.
D. The '
Phil 260 Lecture Note 03-01-17
Lets begin with a case.
What is the morally permissible thing to do in this case?
The case of Ms. and Mr. Svengali
Ms. Svengali just gave birth to a child. Her child has a rare condition. Someone who
has this condition is co
Weekly Assignment 3
Monday 8:00 am; Friday 9:00 am (Underline one)
Let's set aside issues involving risk, consent, and innocence/guilt, and focus
on cases where everyone is innocent and non-consenting, an
Lecture Notes 03.06.2017
Discuss one of the questions of the homework: Which things have the right to life?
X has a right to life iff .
Jaqueline B: X has a right to life iff X has or has had the mental ability to reason and
make decisions as w
Abortion is morally permissible if it presents the mother with any sort of risk to her life.
The risk can be tiny and it can be economic, physical or even emotional risk. The fact that she is
the one bringing the child into this world should
which candy seller is acting with good will?
1. overprices the candy because he is greedy
2. wants to overcharge for the money, but
knows he must act with duty, so charge
argument against the person
begging the question
if some part of a class has a
property, some other part
probably does as well
set of propositions where at
least one logically follows
from another proposition
Agent-neutral moral theory
Agent-relative moral theory
The view that any willful agent
can spontaneously begin a new
chain of causation in the world,
one that has no causal history
prior to the act of willing.
A moral theory according to w
Phil260 Lecture 3
Last class: what makes wrong actions wrong?
We divided our answers into five groups: (1) Relativist views views that make
the rightness or wrongness of an action A depend on what people believe about
the rightness of wrongness of A. (2)