Lecture 5 - Schopenhauer
Inherited a fortune from his wealthy parents
Published his magnum opus, The World as Will and Idea, at the age of 30
The book was successful so he became famous for his philosophical pessimis
Lecture 7 - Buddhism
The Life of the Buddha
Born an Indian Prince: Siddhartha Guatama
On becoming aware of aging, sickness, and death, he gave up wealth, power, luxury, and
family for an ascetic life.
Developed the "middle Way,' a path of mo
Lecture 2 - Frankl
Victor Frankl: Man's Search for Meaning
Why write the book?
Not as a personal memoir
Not as a historical record
Actually writing book because he's concerned about all human life. In that, meaning
must be applied to life. Trying to find
Lecture 3 - Frankl
What is the worst condition? Meaningless circumstance.
If you never come into contact with any intelligent life
Does Frankl provide evidence that his claims are true?
He seems to offer the following argument
If suffering has no
Lecture 1 - Frankl
What makes a bad question?
If it's too vague of ambiguous
A false presupposition
When you assume something . Something that must be true before the question
can have a answer
E.g. 'have you stopped beating your wife?'
What is the mean
Lecture 10 - Early Christianity
Philosophical Foundations of Christianity
Gospel of John: the 4th canonical gospel, written around 100 C.E
St. Basil of Caesarea, 330-379 C.E.: a bishop and early advocate of communal asceticism.
St. John Chrysostom
Lecture 8 - Plato
Plato & Socrates
Plato was a student of Socrates who is sometimes called "the Father of Western
Most of Plato's writings are dialogues between Socrates and his fellow Greeks
Socrates claimed to be the wisest person alive, a
Lecture 4 - Tolstoy
Life of Leo Tolstoy
Russian aristocrat, born in 1828
Dropped out of university to join the army
Became one of the most celebrated authors in Europe (War and Peace, Anna Karenina)
In later life he became a devout Christian, an anarchist
Lecture 9 - Aristotle & Epictetus
Student of Plato, tutor of Alexander the great.
A philosophical "naturalist"; he argues that the soul is merely the activity of the body
and therefore cannot survive death.
His writings o
Lecture 6 - Nagel
The Question: If death is the end of our existence, is it a bad thing to die?
What does he mean by death?
The permanent end of our existence as conscious beings.
Assumes for the sake of argument that we are not immortal and that ther