non-nitrate vasodilator; antihypertensive
Use: steppedcare approach to treat mod to severe hypertension (resistant and early
malignant) that persists after sympathectomy.
Action: BP direct effect on vascular smooth muscle of arte
USE: treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus, as adjunct to diet therapy or in cases of insulin resistance
ACTION: lowers blood sugar by stimulating the release of insulin from the pancreas (secretagogue) and
USE: Symptomatic treatment of idiopathic Parkinsons disease, postencephalitic
parkinsonism and parkinsonism following carbon dioxide and manganese intoxication.
ACTION: effective in management of sympto
USE: adjunct in treatment of edema associated with CHF, hepatic cirrhosis, renal failure
and in the management of hypertension.
ACTION: therapeutic effectiveness is measured by decrease in edema and lowing of blood
USE: Used rectally to relieve constipation.
ACTION: relieves constipation by absorption of water and stimulation of peristalsis.
ROUTE/DOSE: PR: Insert 1 supp. or 5-15ml of enema high into rectum and retain for 15 min.
Use: to control hyperuricemia, gout, nephrolithiasis, renal calculus, uric acid nephropathy.
Action: urate pool is decreased by the lowering of both serum and urinary uric acid levels,
and hyperuricemia is prevented.
USE: Fever reducer. Temporary relief to mild to moderate pain. Substitute to aspirin when pt. does not tolerate
it or is contraindicated.
USE: Mngmnt of anxiety disorders or for shor
ACTION: Selective serotonin reuptake inhibition mechanism results in the antidepressant
activity of citalopram.
ROUTE/DOSE: PO: start at 20mg daily, may increase to 40 mg daily if needed.
Proton pump inhibitor; antisecretory
Use: duodenal gastric ulcer. Gastroesophageal reflux disease. Long term TX of
pathologic hypersecretory conditions such as Zollinger-Ellison syndrome (disease of
gastrointestinal). In combination w/
INHALED CORTICOSTEROIDS/Beclomethasone dipropionate/Qvar
Use/action: Oral inhalation to treat steroid-dependent asthma, nasal inhalation for
management of the symptoms of seasonal or perennial rhinitis.
Route/Dose: Oral inhaler: 2 inhalatio
USE: TX .of the following infections due to susceptible organisms: URI, LRI, acute otitis media;
skin & skin structure infections; GU infections; peptic ulcer disease & ophthalmic prophylaxis in
the neonate. Prevention of
LIDOCAINE HYDROCHLORIDE/ Lidoderm.
Class IB Antiarrhythmic, local anesthetic
USE: Rapid control of ventricular arrhythmias occurring during acute MI, cardiac surgery, and
cardiac catherization and those by digitalis intoxication. Surface and infiltration
USE: tx. of hypertension, heart failure
ACTION: blocking angiotensin II receptors results in vasodilator as well as decreasing the
aldosterone-secreting effects of antiotensin II . Those actions result in the
USE: Relief of moderate to severe pain.
ACTION: An effective narcotic analgesic that controls mild to moderate pain. Also has
ROUTE/DOSE: PO: 2-4 mg q4-6h prn in naive patients or 2.5-1
Ferrous Sulfate/ Gluconate
USE: To correct simple iron deficiency and to treat iron deficiency anemias. May be used
prophylactically during periods of increased iron needs, as infancy, childhood, and pregnancy
ACTION: Ferrous Sulfate: standard
ANTISECRETORY( H2 receptor antagonist)
USE: Short term treatment of active duodenal ulcer and prevention recurrence after its
healed. Also short term treatment of active benign gastric ulcer, pathologic hypersecretory
conditions and he
NITROGLYCERIN (patch and ointment)
USE: prophylaxis, trtmt, and mngmnt of angina pectoris (chest pain due to poor blood flow
thru heart blood vessels), CHF associated with acute MI. Tx for pain of chronic anal fissures.
ACTION: relaxes vascula
Use: Acute coronary syndrome. Secondary prevention of MI, stroke, and vascular
Action: Inhibits platelet aggression by selectively preventing the binding of
adenosine diphosphate to its platelet receptor. T
Use: Hypertension, severe pain, ADHD
Action: stimulate alpha2-adernergic receptors in CNS inhibit sympathetic
cardioaccelerator. Decreases BP and HR. Helps eliminate S&S associated with drug
Enzyme replacement therapy
Use: replacement therapy in symptomatic treatment of malabsorption syndrome due to
cystic fibrosis and others associated w/ exocrine pancreatic insufficiency.
Action: Similar to natural pancreatin but on a
USE: Mngmnt of anxiety disorders or for short term relief of anxiety symptoms. Mngmnt
for anxiety assoc. w/ depression, agitation, & panic disorders .
ACTION: CNS depressant, has antianxiety and sedative effects with addictive
Use: patients w/ very high serum triglyceride levels (above 750mg) who have not
responded to intensive diet restriction and are at risk for pancreatitis and abd pain. Also
severe familial hypercholesterolemia.
USES: for reduction of LDL cholesterol and triglycerides in pts with primary hypercholesterolemia and
mixed dyslipidemia, prevention of cardiovascular disease in pts with multiple risk factors.
ACTIONS: reduces LDL
LOOP DIURETIC / BP /HTN
USE: tx of edema w/CHF, cirrhosis, kidney dx. for HTN, can use w/other HTN agents, Ca
ACTION: inhibits reabsorption of Na & K @ loop of Henle and proximal & distal tubules
ROUTE/DOSE: For Edema = PO : 20-80mg up to
USE: To relieve low to moderate pain. Relieve inflammatory conditions such as acute
rheumatic fever, systemic lupus, rheumatoid arthritis. Reduce fever. Used to reduce
recurrence of TIA (transient Ischemic A
USE: Emergency treatment of diabetic ketoacidosis or coma, initiate therapy w/insulin
dependent diabetes mellitus, & in combo w/intermediate or long acting insulin to provide
better control of blood glucose. Use