non-nitrate vasodilator; antihypertensive
Use: steppedcare approach to treat mod to severe hypertension (resistant and early
malignant) that persists after sympathectomy.
Action: BP direct effect on vascular smooth muscle of arte
Use: Acute coronary syndrome. Secondary prevention of MI, stroke, and vascular
Action: Inhibits platelet aggression by selectively preventing the binding of
adenosine diphosphate to its platelet receptor. T
Use: Hypertension, severe pain, ADHD
Action: stimulate alpha2-adernergic receptors in CNS inhibit sympathetic
cardioaccelerator. Decreases BP and HR. Helps eliminate S&S associated with drug
Enzyme replacement therapy
Use: replacement therapy in symptomatic treatment of malabsorption syndrome due to
cystic fibrosis and others associated w/ exocrine pancreatic insufficiency.
Action: Similar to natural pancreatin but on a
USE: Mngmnt of anxiety disorders or for short term relief of anxiety symptoms. Mngmnt
for anxiety assoc. w/ depression, agitation, & panic disorders .
ACTION: CNS depressant, has antianxiety and sedative effects with addictive
Use: patients w/ very high serum triglyceride levels (above 750mg) who have not
responded to intensive diet restriction and are at risk for pancreatitis and abd pain. Also
severe familial hypercholesterolemia.
USES: for reduction of LDL cholesterol and triglycerides in pts with primary hypercholesterolemia and
mixed dyslipidemia, prevention of cardiovascular disease in pts with multiple risk factors.
ACTIONS: reduces LDL
LOOP DIURETIC / BP /HTN
USE: tx of edema w/CHF, cirrhosis, kidney dx. for HTN, can use w/other HTN agents, Ca
ACTION: inhibits reabsorption of Na & K @ loop of Henle and proximal & distal tubules
ROUTE/DOSE: For Edema = PO : 20-80mg up to
USE: To relieve low to moderate pain. Relieve inflammatory conditions such as acute
rheumatic fever, systemic lupus, rheumatoid arthritis. Reduce fever. Used to reduce
recurrence of TIA (transient Ischemic A
USE: Emergency treatment of diabetic ketoacidosis or coma, initiate therapy w/insulin
dependent diabetes mellitus, & in combo w/intermediate or long acting insulin to provide
better control of blood glucose. Use
USE: maintenance tx. of bronchospasm associated w/COPD; reducing COPD
ACTION: A long-acting antispasmodic agent. In the bronchial airways, it exhibits
inhibition of muscarinic receptors of the smoot
USE: prophylaxis and Tx of deep vein thrombosis and its extension, pulmonary embolism,
Tx of atrial fibrillation w/ embolism, Tx of coronary occlusion.
ACTION: indirectly interferes with blood clotting by depressing
Cholecalciferol (vitamin D3)
Vitamin D analog
Use: management of hypocalcemia in patients undergoing chronic renal dialysis and in
patients w/ hyporparathyroidism or psedohypoparathyroidism. Patients w/
hyperparathyroidism in moderate or severe chronic re
Insulin Glargine (Lantus)
Use: Bed time dosing of adults and children w/ type 1 diabetes; adults w/ type 2 diabetes.
Action: Recombinant human insulin analog w/ long duration. blood glucose over period of
time prevents conversion
USE: Temporary relief of acute constipation and for evacuation of colon before GI
ACTION: Expands intestinal fluid volume by increasing epithelial permeability. Induces
peristaltic contractions direct stim
NITROGLYCERIN (patch and ointment)
USE: prophylaxis, trtmt, and mngmnt of angina pectoris (chest pain due to poor blood flow
thru heart blood vessels), CHF associated with acute MI. Tx for pain of chronic anal fissures.
ACTION: relaxes vascula
USE: treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus, as adjunct to diet therapy or in cases of insulin resistance
ACTION: lowers blood sugar by stimulating the release of insulin from the pancreas (secretagogue) and
USE: Symptomatic treatment of idiopathic Parkinsons disease, postencephalitic
parkinsonism and parkinsonism following carbon dioxide and manganese intoxication.
ACTION: effective in management of sympto
USE: adjunct in treatment of edema associated with CHF, hepatic cirrhosis, renal failure
and in the management of hypertension.
ACTION: therapeutic effectiveness is measured by decrease in edema and lowing of blood
USE: Used rectally to relieve constipation.
ACTION: relieves constipation by absorption of water and stimulation of peristalsis.
ROUTE/DOSE: PR: Insert 1 supp. or 5-15ml of enema high into rectum and retain for 15 min.
Use: to control hyperuricemia, gout, nephrolithiasis, renal calculus, uric acid nephropathy.
Action: urate pool is decreased by the lowering of both serum and urinary uric acid levels,
and hyperuricemia is prevented.
USE: Fever reducer. Temporary relief to mild to moderate pain. Substitute to aspirin when pt. does not tolerate
it or is contraindicated.
USE: Mngmnt of anxiety disorders or for shor
ACTION: Selective serotonin reuptake inhibition mechanism results in the antidepressant
activity of citalopram.
ROUTE/DOSE: PO: start at 20mg daily, may increase to 40 mg daily if needed.
Proton pump inhibitor; antisecretory
Use: duodenal gastric ulcer. Gastroesophageal reflux disease. Long term TX of
pathologic hypersecretory conditions such as Zollinger-Ellison syndrome (disease of
gastrointestinal). In combination w/
INHALED CORTICOSTEROIDS/Beclomethasone dipropionate/Qvar
Use/action: Oral inhalation to treat steroid-dependent asthma, nasal inhalation for
management of the symptoms of seasonal or perennial rhinitis.
Route/Dose: Oral inhaler: 2 inhalatio
USE: TX .of the following infections due to susceptible organisms: URI, LRI, acute otitis media;
skin & skin structure infections; GU infections; peptic ulcer disease & ophthalmic prophylaxis in
the neonate. Prevention of
LIDOCAINE HYDROCHLORIDE/ Lidoderm.
Class IB Antiarrhythmic, local anesthetic
USE: Rapid control of ventricular arrhythmias occurring during acute MI, cardiac surgery, and
cardiac catherization and those by digitalis intoxication. Surface and infiltration