Chapter 10 Families, Kinship, and Descent:
Descent groups (248): group based on belief in shared ancestry
Family of orientation: Nuclear family in which one is born and grows up
Family of procreation: Nuclear family established when one marries and has ch
CHAPTER 9 GENDER:
Sex and Gender:
Questions about nature and nurture emerge in the discussion of human sex-gender roles and sexuality.
Women: XX chromosomes / Men: XY chromosomes
Sexual dimorphism (222) refers to differences between male and female biolog
C HAPTER 8 POL I T ICAL SYSTE MS:
Anthropologists and political scientists share an interest in political systems and
organization, but the anthropologist approach is global and comparative, and includes nonstates as well as states and nation-states usual
CHAPTER 7 MAKING A LIVING:
The anthropologist Yehudi Cohen used the term adaptive strategy (163) to describe a groups system of
He argued that the most important reason for similarities between two or more unrelat
CHAPTER 6 ETHNICITY AND RACE:
Ethnic Groups and ethnicity:
As with any culture, members of an ethnic group (132) share certain beliefs, values, habits, customs, and
norms because of their common background.
According to Fredrik Barth, ethnicity can be sai
CHAPTER 5 LANGUAGE AND COMMUNICATION:
What is Language?
Language (107), which may be spoken (speech) or written (writing), is our primary means of
Language is always changing
Nonhuman Primate Communication:
The natural communication systems
Chapter 4 Applying Anthropology:
Applied Anthropology is one of two dimensions of anthropology, the other being theoretical/academic
Applied or practical anthropology is the use of anthropological data, perspectives,
theory, and methods to i
Chapter 3 Method and Theory in Cultural Anthropology:
ETHNOGRAPHY: ANTHROPOLOGYS DISTINCTIVE STRATEGY
Anthropology developed into a separate field as early scholars worked on Native
American reservations and traveled to distant lands to study small groups
Chapter 2 Culture
WHAT IS CULTURE?
Sir Edward Tylor proposed that cultures obey natural laws and therefore can be studied
Enculturation is the process by which a child learns their culture.
Culture is learned:
Social learning particularly i
Chapter 1 What is Anthropology?
Anthropology: The study of the human species and its immediate ancestors.
Anthropology is a uniquely comparative and holistic (encompassing a past, present, and
future; biology, society, language, and cultu
Chapter 15 Global Issues Today:
Global Climate Change:
The Earths surface temperatures have risen about 1.4 degrees (F) since the early 20th century.
The causes are mainly anthropogenic caused by humans and their activities
The burning of fossil fuels (oi
Chapter 14 The World System and Colonialism:
The World System:
The world system and the relations among the countries within it are shaped by the capitalist world
A huge increase in the international trade during and after the 15th century led to
Chapter 13 Arts, Media, and Sports:
What is Art?
The arts (321) include music, performance arts, visual arts, and storytelling and literature (oral and
These manifestations of human creativity are sometimes called expressive culture.
Chapter 12 Religion:
What is Religion?
Anthony F. C. Wallace: religion (295) is belief and ritual concern with supernatural beings, powers, and
Emile Durkheim stressed religious effervescence, the bubbling up of collective emotional intensity
Chapter 11 Marriage:
Genitor (270): A childs biological father
Pater: Ones socially recognized father; not necessarily the genitor
Exogamy: The practice of seeking a husband or wife outside ones own group
Parallel cousins: Children of two brothers or two