Stock issues: provide means for categorizing arguments to view crucial relationships within a
1. Blame (who caused problem)
2. Ills (problem)
3. Cure (does it solve the problem)
4. Cost (negative effects)
There are five stock issues, in this p
COM 1010 Study Guide-Winter, 2016
*Note: The final exam will assess not only your ability to define key concepts and definitions throughout
the text, but also to apply these concepts in real life and hypothetical scenarios. Therefore, do not simply
Instructor Hassan Abdallah
Group Speech guidelines
Imagine that you and your group represent a nonprofit organization that works to solicit
funds and resources to be used towards a global issue or crisis and youve managed to garner an
Audience Analysis #2
(for Persuasive Speech 20 pts.)
1. Consider the criteria for the Persuasive Speech and think of possible main
arguments/theses for the speech that will allow you to fulfill these criteria. (Note: You
should consider the ques
Audience Analysis #1
(for Informative Speech 20 pts.)
1. Consider the criteria for the Informative Speech and think of possible topics for the
speech that will allow you to fulfill these criteria. (Note: You should consider the
questions below a
For this post, what I'd like you to do is to reflect on a time in your
life when it was necessary to communicate with a group, to a
group, or navigate group dynamics in order to benefit yourself.
For most of you, work will be the place this happened, but
Are GMOs linked to Gluten Sensitivity? Body Ecology. 2017. 30 March 2017.
Everything You HAVE TO KNOW about Dangerous Genetically Modified Foods.
Natural Health Strategies.
Com 1010 Sec 016
I. What is biodiversity and how is it important?
1. Biodiversity is life itself; it is the number and variety of living organisms and
the interaction between them and their environments.
2. It is important because
COM 1010 Sec 016
Topic: That GMOs are harmful.
General Purpose: To inform and persuade.
Specific Purpose: To inform the audience on how harmful GMO foods are and persuade that it
should not be used.
Central Idea: GMOs can cause health problems
COM 1010 Sec 016
Topic: Relieving Back Pain
General Purpose: To inform
Specific Purpose: To inform my audience on how to relieve back pain using exercises, good
posture, and body based therapies.
Central Idea: By using a few simple exer
Proposition: Formal statement expressing the basis of a controversy.
Three types of propositions
1. Proposition of fact: asserts the existence of something
2. Proposition of value: asserts the worth of something
3. Proposition of policy
Cross examination: distinct from direct examination
Direct examination is questioning someone friendly to your cause
Cross examination is questioning someone hostile to your cause
Three purposes of cross examinations
1. To clarify previous arguments
Techniques for cross examinations
When asking questions
Ask factual questions
Dont ask opponent to draw final conclusion
Cut off long answers
Drop unproductive lines of questioning
When answering questions
Take time to think
Dont hesitate to answer obviou
Fallacy: generic term used to indicate an error or weakness in an argument or an individuals
Four sources for fallacy
2. Warrant (reasoning process)
Fallacy of division: assumes what is true of the whole is also
When responding to the affirmatives Blame with saying that the present system is effectively
providing access to those seeking to immigrate into the United states, My evidence for 1) Current
immigration policies do not constrain the flow of high ski
Refutation: Process of attacking an opponents evidence to weaken or destroy their position.
- Only attack personally if the opponent claims eye witness testimony
Two factors that should guide which arguments to refute:
1. Issues and Dem
Argument: complete unit of proof including the data, reasoning process, and conclusion
- Arguments are things, whereas argumentation is the process of the things
Three parts of an Argument
Data: raw material for an argument
Two types of premises
1. Perceptual premises: Assumptions about the nature of things
2. Value premises: Assumptions about the worth of something
- defined by culture
- Almost always true
Two types of Evidence
1. Factual evidence: verifi
So I am here to talk about how to relieve back pain in natural therapeutic ways. You
may ask yourself why would I need to know about how to relieve back pain. I myself
suffer from back pain. I have had two kids, I fell down a flight of stairs and I was in