Review for PSY2100 Midterm
Date: The midterm will take place on Oct 18 during regular class time. You will have
the entire class period to take the midterm.
Format: The test will consist of 50 multiple choice questions. The multiple choice
Charles Darwin and Natural Selection
Studied on the Galapagos Islands
The Mystery of Finch Beaks
Noticed species that were similar to, but also very different from, species on the
Basic Tenets of Natural Selection:
Not all in
Facilitated Communication Tested
Lobotomy & Video
Moniz won the Nobel Prize in 1949
Neural fibers connecting frontal lobes to the thalamus were severed
With the advent of drugs, lobotomies fell out of favor in the 1960s.
Why are we fooled?
Heuristic = ru
Perception, thought, language
Brain and behavior
Social and cultural influence on behavior
From womb to tomb, social and cognitive
Applied Psychology Areas
Families Who Want Doctors To Conceal The Truth
In these cases, many families insist that they do not want the patient to be told
Sometimes there are cultural reasons for this
Dealing With Families
Doctors can try to convince families that telling the pa
NMDA receptors: learning and memory
Excitotoxicity: too much excitation can cause neurons to die.
Alcohol may decrease glutamate activity.
GABA: Gamma-aminobutyric acid
Reward and pleasure pathways
Brain localization is difficult.
Viewing the brain: fMRI
Measures activity through blood oxygen level.
Detailed images of neural activity within brain regions: subtract control activity
from experimental activity.
brain lighting up: could be inhibito
Sensory systems have a restricted range of responsiveness.
Example: the frequency range for hearing, which varies with species.
Where does sensory information go?
Each sensory system has a distinct sensory pathway in the brain, and passes
Controls breathing, sleeping, dreaming, etc.
Damage results in coma/brain death.
Many different functions
Motor coordination and balance
Curiosity: understanding the human condition.
Can improve the human condition. For example, by understanding
learning, education can be improved.
Theories and Hypotheses
A scientific theory is an explanation for a large number
Regulation of enzymes regulates the cells reactions
Proteolytic cleavage: irreversible covalent modification that is reversed by environment
to break the zymogen into its active format
Reverasible covalent modification: Kinase, and AM
Women in Leadership
A hopefully informative presentation about
our role outside the kitchen
How many of you
have heard of
Chief operating officer
(COO) for Facebook
Self made billionaire and
Best selling au
Ways to increase your risk/benefit ratio:
Thorough background to provide the relevance of your study to improving
human condition or furthering science.
Justify the number of animals/humans used in your study.
Minimize harm to subjects/participants.