Power to persuade: a presidents ability to convince Congress, other political
actors, and the public to cooperate with the administrations agenda. Presidents
use their presidential personality to persuade.
Presidential politics, contd.
Going public: pres
Public interest groups: organize to influence government to produce collective
goods or services that benefit the general public
E.g., Sierra Club, Greenpeace
E.g., Public Citizen, Consumers Union
Primaries and caucuses
Party caucus: local gathering of party members to choose convention
Presidential primary: an election by which voters choose convention
delegates committed to voting for a certain candidate
Open primary vs. closed primary
Parties and Procedures
Amicus curiae brief
Courts with original jurisdiction
U.S. district courts
State trial courts
Courts with appellate jurisdiction
State intermediate appellate courts
Presenting the candidate
Convey clear understanding of candidates strengths
Relationship between popular and electoral votes: an example
The media and general
Negative advertising: campaign advertising that emphasizes the negative
Parties and Interest Groups
In this chapter we will learn about
The role of political parties in a democracy
The American party system
The various roles interest groups play and the types of interest groups in the U.S.
Weak partisan attachments?
Indifference to political affairs?
Demanding rights without responsibilities?
American public is uninformed about politics
Willingness to allow groups whose political beliefs you dislike t
Who Can Become President and Why Does Anyone Want to Be President?
Formal qualifications and conditions for the presidency
Chosen by Electoral College (modified by Twelfth Amendment)
Limited to two 4-year terms in office (Twenty-second Amendment)
Represent specific public interests
Lobbying: interest group activities aimed at persuading policymakers to
support the groups positions
Various types of lobbying: direct and indirect
Provision of program alternati
Sample size and margin of error
Sampling error and interpretation of results when margin of error makes
Do you approve or disapprove of the way Congress is handling its job?
Approve = 49%
Disapprove = 42%
Margin of error = +/- 5%