Access to Resources: Researchers may want to conduct a
survey, for example, but if finances are not sufficient, they might
analyze documents instead.
Access to Subjects: If the people who make up the sample live
far away, researchers who would have prefe
CHAPTER 1 PSYCHOLOGY TEST SUMMARY NOTES
Opponent process theory: instead of three primary colors theres
actually four colors red, green, blue and yellow.
After image effect: visual sensation perceived for a brief time even after
the images goes away.
CHAPTER 4 PSYCHOLOGY TEST SUMMARY NOTES
Biological psychology/behavioral neuroscience : the branch of
neurosciences that focuses on the biological basis of psychological
processes, behavioral and learning and is the primary area that is
associated with th
CHAPTER 5 PSYCHOLOGY TEST SUMMARY NOTES
Concepts : concepts are ideas that represent a class of category of objects events
Formal: strict types of concepts.
ex: the concepts of triangles all have 3 sides
Fuzzy/natural: concepts that arent a
CHAPTER 8 PSYCHOLOGY TEST SUMMARY NOTES
Structure of the Mind
The mind is made up by these 3 levels
Preconscious : material just below the surface
Conscious : contact with the outside world
Unconscious :part of the mind that rema
CHAPTER 6 PSYCHOLOGY TEST NOTES SUMMARY
Receiving information from the senses organizing and storing the
information and retrieving the information from storage.
processes such as thinking, problem solving, the use of language,
decision making and
CHAPTER 10 PSYCHOLOGY TEST SUMAMRY NOTES
Therapy: treatment methods aimed at making people feel better
Psychotherapies: based on diff perspectives people talk about their
problems and therapist assist them in changing their behavior
Insight Therapy: aimed
PSYCHOLOGY CHAPTER 2 TEST SUMMARY NOTES
Psychology is the scientific study of behavior and mental processes.
Behavior: outward actions and reactions are the behavioral part of
what we study, can include language, facial expressions, movement,
CHAPTER 9 PSYCHOLOGY SUMMARY TEST NOTES
Statistical/Social Norm Deviance: how much our behavior deviates from the
norms of society .
Ex. Cursing in church is bad
2. Subjective Discomfort : if you feel bad about your behavior, emotiona
Chapter 7 psychology test summary notes
Pavlov : he is a Russian philologist doctor, that was studying the
digestive system in dogs and he discovered classical conditioning.
Classical Conditioning : the process of learning by which a previously
CHAPTER 3 PSYCHOLOGY TEST SUMMARY NOTES
Divided attention studies show that tasks fail or don't do as well when you do two
things at the same time
Waking consciousness : thoughts, feelings and sensations that are clear and
organized, and you feel alert. (
Telling us what they think we want to hear
Positive or Negative Affirmations to answers : I
Verbal and non-verbal cues
Depending upon questions asked, race/ gender/ age/
sexuality of interviewer can also bias response
What Research Method Should we Use?
What is meant by Research Method
The way in which researchers collect data (e.g.
What are the 6 social research Methods?
Quantitative: Primary Survey Data of a large sample of
Applying the Sociological Perspective to the Life Course
The social significance of the life course is how it is
shaped by social factorsthe period in which the person
is born and lives his or her life, as well as social location
social class, gender, an
Defining a Problem-research question
Whats the relationship between city vs. suburban
residence and support for regional mass
The Next Step is Reviewing the Literature
What type of literature past research-would you read?
Research on publ
The sensorimotor stage (0-2 years): Understanding is
limited to direct contact with the environment (touching,
The preoperational stage (2-7 years): Children develop
the ability to use symbols (especially language), which
allow them t
Industrialization transformed the way we perceive children.
Today we view children as needing gentle guidance if they are
to develop emotionally, intellectually, morally, even physically.
We take our view for grantedafter all, it is only common
Isolated children show what humans might be like if secluded
from society at an early age.
Isabelle (discussed in the book) is a case in point.
Although initially believed to have a mental disability, a
surprising thing happened when she was given intens
Socialization into the Self and Mind
So, as we learned so far, people are not born with an intrinsic
knowledge of themselves or others
A number of theorists have provided insight into how
people develop reasoning skills, morality, personality, and
Manifest functions of formal education are to teach knowledge
and skills, such as reading, writing, and arithmetic.
Latent functions of schools include keeping children off the
street and matchmaking (many people meet future spouses
and partners in high
January 12, 2016
Scientific study of human nature/mind/behavior.
January 14, 2016
Things that might (no longer) surprise you about psychology
It is very