Species are natural kinds
Biologically different things who are different in nature independently of
what we think
Are there also natural kinds within species?
Racialism is a view that says yes.
According to racialism, there are actual races in
How Bad People Become Bad People
To nine out of ten of you the choice which could lead to scoundrelism will come,
when it does come, in no very dramatic colours. Obviously bad men, obviously
threatening or bribing will almost certainly not appear. Over a
In both cases, (1) and (2) are the premises, (3) is the conclusion. But why are (1) and
(2) premises and not reasons?
Well, look at the first example. Suppose I take away (1). Now all we have is Im an
alien. Does Im an alien by itself show Ill live foreve
Racists are racialists who think the real difference between races is morally
A difference between people is morally relevant if it gives us a reason to
treat the two people differently
We ought to treat differen
Intro: In [the article], [the author] talks about _.
Then define key terms (what does s/he mean by lying, or absolutely affluent, or
corporate social responsibility, etc.?)
Then write: [the authors] thesis is that _.
ARGUMENT USING DATA
1. The data says
2. If the author was right, the data would say something different
3. Therefore, the author is wrong
Smiths pretend reason: capital punishment is good because it lowers the crime rate
1. According to the
Thesis: Quote of the thesis (page #)
Paraphrase: Say the thesis in your own words in 1-2 sentences
Premise 1: Put in your own words OR quote (DONT DO BOTH) in 1 sentence
Premise 2: Put in your own words OR quote (DONT DO BOTH) in 1 sentence
Premise 3: Put
Thesis: what the author is trying to prove (the authors main point of the whole article)
Reason: what the author says to support her thesis (the authors evidence)
Paraphrase: putting a quote (and only the quote) in your own words
(A) James is on c
Extending to Gender
Our gender categories natural kinds?
Holds that having a certain gender is correlated with having some moral
Holds that having a certain gender is itself