What were the first land vertebrate to kill animals similar to their own size?
What group of reptiles rose to dominance second?
What were therapsids?
Group of synapsids. Mammal like reptiles with hair
What gave rise to mammals?
What is it called when a reptile has 0 holes on the side of the skull behind the
What is it called when a reptile has 1 holes on the side of the skull behind the
What is it called when a reptile has 2 holes on
What order are plastron found in?
What are plastron?
Ventral portion of shell
Describe the ribs and vertebrae of chelonia?
They are fused to the inside of the carapace (dorsal part of shell)
What is the purpose of the shell in turtles/tort
What kind of fertilization do reptiles undergo?
Describe how reptiles breathe?
Air moves in and out of lungs due to the prescence of an expandable rig cage
What kind of breathing do reptiles undergo?
What is the largest lizard and how big is it?
Komodo dragon, 3m long 100 kg
How big are most lizards?
Less than a foot
How many families of snakes are there and how many are poisonous?
13 families, 4 are venomous
T/F Snakes have a few vertebrae along the
What animals are amniotes?
Reptiles, birds, and mammals
How many membranes does the maniotic egg have?
What is chorion?
Amniotic egg membrane that allows gas exchange
What is amnion?
Fluid filled cavity that encases embryo. Amniotic egg membr
Where do tortoises and turtles live?
Tortoises are terrestrial and turtles are mainly aquatic
Turtles and tortoises belong to what order?
How do reptiles regulate body temperature?
Ectotherm by moving in and out of sun
What animals have a
When are crocodiles mainly active?
Where are crocodiles mainly found in?
Aquatic, tropical/subtropical regions
How many species of crocodylia are there?
Crocodiles and alligators belong to what order?
What unique fea
What are hemipenes and where are they found?
Pair of copulatory organs used for insemination. Found in male squamata
Lizards and snakes belong to what order?
What is parietal eye?
3rd eye on tuatara head with lens and retina that protects tuatar
What are archosaurs?
1st land vertebrate to be bipedal
What group of reptile do archosaurs belong to?
What gave rise to crocodiles, pterosaurs, dinosaurs, and birds?
What dominated for 150 million years?
Describe the legs of