Modern Urban Planning
How did urban planners understand cities?
What ideas did urban planners have about the relationship between the environment and
How did they attempt to solve social problems through urban planning?
What was their vision of th
Assignment One: Primary economics- How the economy works.
Coming into this course, I had no idea what economics represented and the
importance behind it, in terms of structuring our society, and in the bigger picture the
entire world. This video allowed m
Wayne State University
Syllabus for Spring/Summer 2017
SURVEY OF ECONOMICS: ECO 1000 (002) 32067
Instructor: Naim Chy
This syllabus contains important information concerning the course and work expected of you. In order to avoid
A monopolist is not a price taker. The monopolist perceives demand to be a
downward sloping line.
Price monopolist uses is based off quantity.
A firm chooses to maximize proifits.
Why are monopolies considered to be bad?
when a competitive industry become
Intentional Disequilibrium Price
Ceiling price- price which is set and you are not allowed to go above it. (maximum)
Floor price price which is set and you are not allowed to go below that price.
Somehow a price is being established
basin scale. Ecological Economics, 2008, Special Issue, Integrated
Hydro-Economic Modelling. 2. Sen A. Description as choice. Oxford
Economic Papers, 1980, 32(3):353369. 3. Boardman A et al. Costbenefit analysis: concepts and practice, 3rd ed. New Jersey,
academic and social-emotional school readiness: the Head Start REDI
program. Child Development, 2008, 79:18021817. 83. Curi A,
Menezes Filho N. Os efeitos da pr-escola sobre salrios, escolaridade
e proficincia. Ibmec Working Paper. 2006. 84. Deming D. Ear
replacement for regular costbenefit analysis. An alternative is to
translate preferences to pay to help the most disadvantaged into
standard willingness to pay measures, using for instance contingent
valuations surveys, increasingly used in health policy
males with a discount rate of 0% and a 3% increase in income to 0.08
for women using a 0.06 discount rate (223). College costs reduction
United States Type 3 intervention no evident presence of health
sector Variation in college costs across states can be
Estimating the economic and social costs of the fear of crime. British
Journal of Criminology, 2007, 47:121132. 10. Institute of Medicine.
Valuing health for regulatory costeffectiveness analysis. Washington,
DC, National Academies Press, 2006. 11. Viscus
27(6):491502. 43. Adams SJ. Educational attainment and health:
evidence from a sample of older adults. Education Economics, 2002,
10(1):97109. 44. Cutler DM, Lleras-Muney A. Education and health:
evaluating theories and evidence. NBER Working Paper No. 12
19402000. Policy Research Working Paper Series No. 3362.
Washington, DC, World Bank, 2004. 66. Droomers M et al. Educational
differences in the intention to stop smoking: explanations based on
the theory of planned behaviour. European Journal of Public He
United States. Review of Economic Studies, 2005, 72:189221. 56.
Woolf SH et al. Giving everyone the health of the educated: an
examination of whether social change would save more lives than
medical advances. American Journal of Public Health, 2007, 97:67
subsidized breakfast in 25 preschools, randomly chosen from a pool of
50 schools. There was no impact on cognitive abilities or on the
childrens height or weight (239). Children in the treatment group
participated in school 29% of the time, versus 21.8% i
Costbenefit analysis is based on societal willingness to pay for the
health improvements and other consequences of social determinants
of health interventions, both 43 Chapter 3. Assessing value for money
of interventions through revealed and stated prefe
social return to higher education: evidence from longitudinal and
repeated cross-sectional data. Journal of Econometrics, 2004,
121:175212. 39. Acemoglu D, Angrist J. How large are human capital
extemalities? Evidence from compulsory schooling laws. In: B
reducing health inequities into economic evaluations has yet to
emerge. The need to consider behaviours that are often relevant to
social policy and do not satisfy the assumptions of neoclassical
welfare economics, such as addictions, is an additional pro
of education. Amsterdam, North-Holland, 2006: 697812. 2.
Grantham-McGregor S et al. Developmental potential in the first 5
years for children in developing countries. Lancet, 2007, 369:6070. 3.
Heckman JJ. The economics, technology, and neuroscience of hu
The hidden crisis: armed conflict and education. Paris, United Nations
Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, 2011. 77. Jamison
EA et al. The effects of education quality on income growth and
mortality decline. Economics of Education Review, 2
development: a review of the evidence. World Development, 1982,
10(3):167185. 27. Farrington DP. Undestanding and preventing youth
crime. York, Joseph Rowntree Foundation, 1996. 28. Feinstein L.
Quantitative estimates of the social benefits of learning, 1
No. 16515. National Bureau of Economic Research, 2010. 21. de
Meulemeester JJ, Rochat D. A causality analysis of the link between
higher education and economic development. Economics of Education
Review, 1995, 14(4):251361. 22. Jenkins H. Education and pr
wellbeing in primary education. London, National Institute for Health
and Clinical Excellence, 2008. 22. Williams AH, Cookson RA. Equityefficiency trade-offs in health technology assessment. International
Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care, 2
effects Equity aspects Value for money Programa Integral de
Desarrollo Infantil (PIDI) Bolivia Type 2 intervention some
involvement of health sector Resource-based early child development
intervention where child care is provided in homes of women in lowi
58 Intervention Description Health effects Other effects Equity aspects
Value for money Class size reductions Denmark Type 3 intervention
no evident presence of health sector Variation in actual class size in
Denmark driven by the interaction between ran
public preprimary school Uruguay Type 3 intervention no evident
presence of health sector Resource-based intervention consisting in
the expansion of the availability of public preprimary school
classrooms (ages 35) from 1995 to 2002 (around 784 more
Type 3 intervention no evident presence of health sector The
introduction of a system of university charges in Australia at the end
of the 1980s, the Higher Education Contribution Scheme (HECS), was
accompanied by an income-contingent loan scheme to preve
that their demand schedule is not the standard one. Weimer et al. (50)
employ contingent valuation to estimate smokers willingness to pay
for removal of addiction in a model that takes account of this in cost
benefit analysis. Yet more studies to develop
University of Western Ontario, Centre for Human Capital and
Productivity, 2011. 33. Lochner L, Moretti E. The effect of education on
crime: evidence from prison inmates, arrests, and self-reports.
American Economic Review, 2004, 94(1):155189. 34. Milligan
district. All three intervention schools showed significant knowledge
gains. Increase in knowledge was greatest (+5.0 points) for combined
strategies. The intervention schools showed a significant positive shift
in attitude towards use of contraceptives w
acknowledged by researchers using this methodology. (Monte Carlo
simulation may be one way of capturing the degree of uncertainty in
costbenefit analysis.) Additionally, it is necessary to consider that
social policy is often desirable from an equity pers