It is calculated as (metal area/ gate area)
During the fabrication process increase in the charge in the metal will falsely turn on the device or
damage the gate.
1. Change the order of routing layers. If the gate immediately conn
DRC and LVS
Design rules are strict guidelines for drawing layout so that the design can be easily manufactured
without any defect. DRC includes rules for width and spacing for different layers.
A successful Design rule check (DRC) ensures that the layout