Use- nasal congestion assoc w/ acute viral upper
respiratory infections, used w/ antihistamines in the
manag of allergic cond, open obst eustachian tubes
in chronic ear inflamm or infect.
Adverse-seizures, cardiovascular collapse,
Adverse- Severe gas and bloating. Abd cramping
and esophageal or bowel obstruction have been
Contra- known hypsens. Presence of
undiagnosed abd pain, intestinal obstruction,
Interactions- May absorption of
Adverse- Sinusitis, upper resp infec, rhinitis,
Contra- Hypersensitivity, liver disease or serum
alanine more than 2.5x the norm.
Interactions- levels may increase if taken w/
Dose- Adult 4mg/day PO or
Adverse- Nausea. Severe insulin induced
hypoglycemia especially in type 1.
Contra- Hypersensitivity, gastroparesis.
Interactions- anticholinergics and alpha-glucose
inhibitors increase effects.
Dose- Adult 5mcg SubQ within 60min
Before approval for heart transplant
surgery doctors specially trained in the
procedure will evaluate you to determine if
the surgery will be safe and beneficial for
Once a potential donor heart is found, a
Use- Relief of painful symptoms of excess gas in
the GI tract.
Adverse-may cause constipation or diarrhea.
Contra- appendicitis, inflamed bowel or renal
Dose- Adult- PO 40125 mg 4x/day after meals
and at bedtime (up to 500 mg/da
1. Prototype drug- the first drug of a particular drug class to be developed; usually the standard to
which newer and similar drugs are compared.
2. The generic name of a drug is related to the chemical or official name and its manufacturer. Th
Adverse- diarrhea, anal irritation and seepage of
oil. Lipid pneumonia.
Contra- known hypsens. Orally in kids <6 yrs
rectally in kids <2 yrs
Interactions- absorption of fat soluble vitamins
such as A, D, E, and K.
Dose- PO: (>12 yr): 545 ml PO: (612 yr):
Adverse- Pain at injection site is most common.
Contra- Hypersensitivity, GnRH, GnRH
Interactions- may decrease effect of antidiabetic
Dose- Adult (acromegaly) 50-100mcg SubQ
3x/d. Central Precocious Puberty (c
Adverse- Sings of hyperthyroidism, tachycardia,
dysrhythmias, angina, MI, and heart failure.
Contra- Hypersensitivity to active or extraneous
constituents of the drug, thyrotoxicosis and MI.
Interactions- activating antidepressants
Adverse- tachycardia, dizziness, headache,
flushing, N/V, dry skin and mucous membranes,
and urinary retention.
Contra- known hypsens. Diarrhea caused by
toxic chemicals, microorganisms which
penetrate intestinal mucosa and antibiotic-assoc
Use- IM or IV for severe allergic reactions.
Inhalant for reversible airway disease, upper
airway obstruction and croup. And in cardiac
Adverse-paradoxical bronchospasm, N/V,
restlessness, tremor, angina, tachycardia,
Adverse-Arrhythmias, agranulocytosis, aplastic
anemia, confusion, headache, diarrhea.
Contra- Hypersensitivity, pt with known
intolerance to alcohol.
Interactions- some antidysrhythmics, warfarin,
anticonvulsants, benzodiazepine antianxiety or
Use- Prev of thrombus formation. Prev of ext
of existing thrombi (full dose).
Adverse-Bleeding, heparin induced
Contra- Hypersensitivity, uncontrolled bleeding,
severe thrombocytopenia, open wounds (full
Interactions- by u
Adverse- fatigue, dizziness, weakness, abnormal
heart rhythm, headache and hiccups.
Contra- known hypsens. Use w/ ranolizane,
pimozide, or cisapride.
Interactions- oral doses of dexamethasone or
methylprednisolone by 50% due to CYP3A4
Use- Aliskerin-treatment of hypertension. Used
w/ other meds.
Adverse-angioedema, cough, hypotension, abd
Contra- allergy, w/ cyclosporine or itraconazole,
w/ ACE inhibitors or ARBs in patients with
diabetes or moderate-to-severe renal impairment