Exercise Metabolism Questions
What are the differences between anaerobic and aerobic exercise?
Anaerobic exercise high intensity, short duration
Aerobic exercise low intensity, longer duration
What are the advantages/disadvantages of the anaerobic energ
Possible mechanisms for performance enhancement
Nitrate supplementation decreased the total ATP cost of force production.
o Nitric oxide has the ability to reduce Ca2+ cycling as well as slowing crossbridge cycling kinetics. Both of these mechanisms will
Body Composition Questions
Why determine body composition?
Identify health risks distribution of fat, assess risk associated with rate of weight loss,
determining safe minimum weights
Component of fitness can guide recommendations for op
What are the functions of fat in our bodies and our diet?
Carrier fat soluble vitamins
Cell membranes, brain, and spinal cord
Keeps skin and tissues soft and pliable
Fuel for muscles
Pad and protects vital organs
What foods provide protein?
Dairy products, eggs, meat, mixed nuts, and beans/lentils provide the highest density of
protein per serving. Vegetables and grain products also contain some protein but just not
at as high of a concentration
Was Richard Sandrak ever actually tested for steroids? And if not, why?
Does protein requirements change with the use of steroids?
How can the side effects of steroids feminize males and give women more male qualities?
What are the most
How do we measure calories in food?
Through a bomb calorimeter measures the energy (temperature) given off when food
sample is exploded
How do we determine how many calories someone is burning?
By calculating the total energy which
What is fitness?
Composed of flexibility, muscular strength, muscular endurance, cardiorespiratory
capacity, and body composition
What is VO2 max? What does this measure?
VO2 max is the ability to take in, transport, and use O2
What is glycogen composed of?
Glucose molecules bond together by alpha-1,4 bonds and when branched they are linked
together by alpha-1,6 bonds
How much glycogen do we store? Where are the major storage sites for glycogen?
In the l
Research Paper Outline
QUESTION: What is the evidence that acute supplementation of nitrates can improve athletic
Nitrate supplementation has been known to have the ability to decrease blood pressure
but recently n