Inflation Types of inflation Effects of inflation Methods of controlling
inflation Review questions
Inflation is an economic condition in which the aggregate prices are always
increasing in a country. The value of money i
however the benefits of FDIs and FIIs are more than the problems creaed or likely
to create in the country.
Industrial finance Foreign Direct Investment Advantages and
disadvantages of FDI FDI in India Cross border Mergers and Acquisition
5. Give an account on Indian employment scenario. 6. Discuss the global trend and
projection on employment and unemployment. 7. What do you understand by
observing the distribution of employed by different industry? 8. Discuss the
unemployment situation o
delayed settlements, and unfair prices faced by the investors. There are 20 other
national and regional exchanges located in metropolitan centers and other cities
Operational Performance of Stock Exchanges
Exchange No. of Listed Market Total Cor
Apart from the above mentioned reasons Public sector is more efficient than
private organizations. Private enterprises exploit workers and consumers more
than the public sector enterprises. Profit is not the sole motive for public sector
The number and relative size of firms producing a good vary across industries.
Market structures range from perfect competition to monopoly. Most real-world
firms are along the continuum of imperfect competition. Market structure affects
After reading this chapter the reader may be able to understand that the
monetary policy is the policy of the monetary authority namely central bank of the
country to achieve certain goals like controlling the inflation, deflation, obtaining
Credit risk: May arise when the other party fails to abide by the contractual
Liquidity risk: Difficulty of selling corporate assets and investments.
Derivative risk: Chance that volatile financial derivatives could create losses on
chapter discusses the economic changes of a country with the help of business
Human Resource Requirement In 2022
Source: National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC)
The above table provides detailed information on the human resource
actual points from the estimated trend line are measured and plotted separately
to obtain a clear picture
of the underlying business cycle. Most economic variables go through ups and
downs over time and the economy as a whole experience periods of pro
Budget Estimates 2012-13
The major estimates are: 1. Gross Tax Receipts estimated at `10,77,612 crore. 2.
Net Tax to Centre estimated at `7,71,071 crore. 3. Non-tax Revenue Receipts
estimated at `1,64,614 crore. 4. Non-debt Capital Receipts estimated at `
the market. In economics, the market is the study about the demand for and
supply of a particular commodity and its consequent fixing of prices for instance
the market may be a bullion market, stock market, or even food grains market.
The market is broadl
1. Too much Exploitation of factors of production 2. Conflict with the government
of host country.
Now let us analyze the sources (countries) from where the FDIs are coming into
India. And a sector wise inflow of FDIs into India.
The Top 5 Countries D
Methods Of Controlling Inflation
Control Of Inflation: It is clear that the inflationary situation in the long run is not
going to help the economy to grow. Therefore the Government has to take many
steps to overcome this problem. The given list of measur
reduce the public borrowings due to higher interests and minimize the money
circulation in the country.
Reserve ratio: CRR (Cash Reserve Ratio), SLR (statutory Liquidity Ratio) the RBI
insist on commercial banks to keep a certain percentage as reserve in
forms of foreign funds available to India? 4. Give an account on trend in FDI pre
and post liberalization. 5. Discuss the sector wise inflow of FDI in India. 6. What is
cross border mergers and acquisition?
Case: Future outlook of Indian IT Sector:
Dividend: Distribution of a part of a companys net profit to shareholders as a
reward for investing in the company. Usually expressed as percentage of par value
or as cents per share. Equity: The general term for ownership in securities value
over debit b
Risk Aversion: Is the behavior of the mangers when the pay off is less than the
Risk neutral: Behavior takes place when the expected value is equal to the payoff.
There are four ways to manage the risk and uncertainty:
1. Insurance ( Bu
The major arrangements between the public and private participation are: 1.
Institutional cooperation. 2. Long term infrastructure contracts. Like construction
of Roads for the public use which reduces the pressure on the exchequer, but
benefits the priva
macro economic goals. It deals with the cost of credit and the availability of credit.
Monetary policy is the attempt by the government or its agent, the central bank,
to manipulate monetary variables such as the rate of interest or the money supply
solar thermal projects. Concession from basic customs duty and special CVD being
extended to certain items imported for manufacture for hybrid or electric vehicle
and battery packs for such vehicles. There is a proposal to increase basic customs
in India will have a low cost, will produce the goods and export the same to other
country. This helps in increasing the exports.
Foreign firms helps in increasing the competition: Foreign firms have always
come up with better technology, process, and inn
business are booming in our country and also provides more employment
opportunities in the urban areas. High risk jobs like mining, financing etc.,do not
create much employment.
Distribution Of Employed Person By Broad Industry Group Per Thousand
The Carriage by Road Act, 2007 defines the term common carrier and provides
for his rights, duties and liabilities. As regards matters not covered by this Act, the
rules of English Common Law will apply.
A common carrier may be any individual, firm or com
Graph Price And Quantity Variability When Increase In Demand
If the demand remains the same and the firm tries to supply more of the
commodity, then the supply curve shifts from SS to S1S1 (Graph - below). Earlier
the equilibrium point was E and the price
Under the Carriage by Road Act 2007, common carrier means a person engaged
in the business of collecting, storing, forwarding or distributing goods to be
carried by goods carriages under a goods receipt or transporting for hire of goods
from place to plac
misconduct on the part of the railway administration or any of its servants. After
seven days from the date of termination of transit the railway administration is
not liable in any case for any loss of such goods. Notwithstanding this provision,
after transition. 6. Justify the need for Liberalization, Privatization and
Globalization of our country.
7. What are the major weaknesses of LPG? 8. Why government should own and
run firms? 9. Define privatization. What are the advantages and disadva
a. In case where the goods are to be loaded by the consignor, on the completion of
such loading; or b. In any other case, on the acceptance of the goods by him.
The Goods Receipt shall be issued in triplicate and the original shall be given to the
It is very important that while investing in a company, an investor selects a sector,
where the long-term future prospects are bright. In the above case, we have seen
that the IT sector is expected to have good growth in the long run. Also, it is