Gould, Stephan J. (October 1994). "The Evolution of Life on
Earth". Scientific American. 271 (4): 8491.
doi:10.1038/scientificamerican1094-84. PMID 7939569.
Retrieved 5 March 2007.
Wilkinson, B. H.; McElroy, B. J. (
category-based HIV prevention". AIDS Behav. 12 (1): 1826.
doi:10.1007/s10461-007-9303-y. PMID 17705095.
Operario D, Burton J (April 2000). "HIV-related tuberculosis
in a transgender networkBaltimore, Maryland, and New York
City area, 19982000". MMWR
Center, Department of Geography, San Diego State
Miller (2009, pp. 15,17)
"Number of Muslim by country". nationmaster.com.
"The World Factbook China". CIA World Factbook.
canon as fixed definitively by the Council of Trent 15451563. It
includes 46 books for the Old Testament (45 if Jeremiah and
Lamentations are counted as one) and 27 for the New.
Most Protestants term these books as apocrypha. Modern Protestant
change efforts by promoting or promising change in sexual orientation
when providing assistance to individuals distressed by their own or
others' sexual orientation and concludes that the benefits reported by
participants in sexual orientation change effo
Biblical and Quranic narratives
Challenge of the Quran
Criticism of Islam
Criticism of the Quran
Female figures in the Quran
Hadith of the Quran and Sunnah
History of the Quran
Karbala'i Kazem Karimi Saruqi
Quran and miracles
center of Islamic study.
The Muslim world was generally in serious political decline starting the
1800s, especially relative to the non-Muslim European powers. This
decline was evident culturally; while Taqi al-Din founded an observatory
Carnap, R. An introduction to the Philosophy of Science
Leibniz, Fifth letter to Samuel Clarke
Vailati, E, Leibniz & Clarke: A Study of Their
Correspondence p. 115
Sklar, L, Philosophy of Physics, p. 20
Sklar, L, Philosophy of Physics, p. 2
Boys studying Quran, Touba, Senegal
The Quran's message is conveyed with various literary structures and
devices. In the original Arabic, the suras and verses employ phonetic and
thematic structures that assist the audience's efforts to recall the message
community, Shia's believe that Muhammad appointed his son-in-law, Ali
ibn Abi Talib, as his successor and only certain descendants of Ali could
be Imams. As a result, they believe that Ali ibn Abi Talib was the first
Imam (leader), rejecting the legitimac
caused great transformations in individual level and in the history. Some
scholars state that the Quran contains scientific information that agrees
with modern science. The doctrine of miraculousness of the Quran is
further emphasized by Muhammad's illite
Census:Dutchess, Ulster Gay Households Increase
Same Sex Couples' Numbers Soar In N.Y, 2010 Census
87% Increase in Same-Sex Nevada Households Since
2010 Census indicates increase among same-sex
homeowners in Oklahoma
Spike In Number of City's
Bible edited by Robert Alter and Frank Kermode. "Each king
is judged either good or bad in black-and-white terms, according to
whether or not he "did right" or "did evil" in the sight of the Lord.
This evaluation is not reflective of the well-being of
Bible from 1150, from Scriptorium de Chartres, Christ with angels
Blanche of Castile and Louis IX of France Bible, 13th century
Maciejowski Bible, Leaf 37, the 3rd image, Abner (in the center in
green) sends Michal back to David.
Jephthah's daughter lamen
Canons and books
Authorship and development
Translations and manuscripts
The Bible (from Koine Greek , t bibla, "the books" ) is a
Bentley, David (September 1999). The 99 Beautiful Names
for God for All the People of the Book. William Carey Library.
"Islm". Encyclopdia Britannica Online. Retrieved
"Human Nature and the Purpose of E
Caliphate and civil strife (632750)
Dome of the Rock built by Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan; completed at the
end of the Second Fitna.
Further information: Muslim conquests, First Fitna, and Second Fitna
With Muhammad's death in 632, disagreement broke out over
books on Sufism.
Sufism enjoyed a strong revival in central Asia and South Asia. Central
Asia is considered to be a center of Sufism. Sufism has played a
significant role in fighting against Tsars of Russia and Soviet
colonization. Here, Sufis and their d
By the 2nd century BCE, Jewish groups had called the Bible books the
"scriptures" and referred to them as "holy," or in Hebrew
(Kitvei hakkodesh), and Christians now commonly call the Old and New
Testaments of the Christian Bible "The Holy Bible" (in
Space is one of the few fundamental quantities in physics, meaning that
it cannot be defined via other quantities because nothing more
fundamental is known at the
bisexual people to serve openly and have granted them the same rights
and privileges as their heterosexual counterparts. Many countries neither
ban nor support LGB service members. A few countries continue to ban
homosexual personnel outright.
compared with peers from families that reported no or low levels of
Crisis centers in larger cities and information sites on the Internet have
arisen to help youth and adults. The Trevor Project, a suicide
prevention helpline f
criticized. In classical Islamic law, the penalty for apostasy (leaving a
religion) in Islam is death. However the Koran does not stipulate that
the penalty for apostasy should be death.
History of names
Main article: Mohammedan
Islam was h
"Christianity 2015: Religious Diversity and Personal
Contact" (PDF). gordonconwell.edu. January 2015. Retrieved
emperor Hadrian is renowned for his relationship with Antinous, but the
Christian emperor Theodosius I decreed a law on 6 August 390,
condemning passive males to be burned at the stake. Justinian, towards
the end of his reign, expanded the proscription to
desert plain of Arafat praying and worshiping God, following the foot
steps of Abraham. Then spending a night out in the open, sleeping on the
desert sand in the desert plain of Muzdalifah, then moving to Jamarat,
symbolically stoning the Devil recounting
"Earth's little brother found". BBC News. Retrieved 31
Christou, Apostolos A.; Asher, David J. (31 March 2011). "A
long-lived horseshoe companion to the Earth". arXiv:1104.0036
[astro-ph.EP]. See table 2, p. 5.
Connors, Martin; Wieger
depth" in his Essay Towards a New Theory of Vision. Later, the
metaphysician Immanuel Kant said that the concepts of space and time
are not empirical ones derived from experiences of the outside world
they are elements of an already given systematic frame
created in the Big Bang, 13.8 billion years ago and has been
expanding ever since. The overall shape of space is not known, but space
is known to be expanding very rapidly due to the Cosmic Inflation.
pathological models of homosexuality were standard
"Deobandis - Oxford Reference". oxfordreference.com.
Salafi Islam GlobalSecurity.org. Retrieved on 2010-11-09.
Massi Dakake, Maria (2008). The Charismatic Community:
Shi'ite Identity in Early Islam. State University of New York Press.
Companions of Muhammad, like Ali ibn Abi Talib, Abdullah ibn
Abbas, Abdullah ibn Umar and Ubayy ibn Kab. Exegesis in those days
was confined to the explanation of literary aspects of the verse, the
background of its revelation and, occasionally, interpret
countries such as Egypt or Saudi Arabia. The recitations of a few
Egyptian reciters were highly influential in the development of the art of
recitation. Southeast Asia is well known for world-class recitation,
evidenced in the popularity of the woman reci
consider the Quran to be a guide, a sign of the prophethood of
Muhammad and the truth of the religion. They argue it is not possible for
a human to produce a book like the Quran, as the Quran itself maintains.
The first sura of the Quran
o EzraNehemiah (Ezra
" writings") is the
Ketuvim or Km (in Biblical Hebrew:
third and final section of the Tanakh. The Ketuvim are believed to have
been written under the Ruach HaKodesh (the Holy Sp
Main article: Demographics of sexual orientation
Jason Collins became the first active male professional athlete in major
American professional sports leagues to publicly come out as gay.
In October 2014, Apple CEO Tim Cook became the fi