Pain Journal (50 points)
Disclaimer: This exercise is a learning activity and not in any way considered to
The minimum requirement for the Pain Journal is to write 7 pages PLUS and
submit into the D2L drop box by midnight on the due d
The Effects of Drug Use on a Developing Fetus
o The first trimester of a pregnancy (first 3 months; typically from 17 days after
conception to 70 days) is most critical for development; the fetus is most
significantly affected by drug use during this tim
Your Brain on Drugs Presentation
o Tobacco and Alcohol Consultant, SFSUD
Whats the teen environment
The adolescent brain
Influencing our children
o SFUSD Headlines 2008
Did you know that accordin
Social Messages about Drug Use
Beer commercials on television are popular forms of entertainment as
well as effective marketing tools, despite the fact that alcohol abuse and
alcoholism continue to present serious personal and societal problems.
o History of Drug Treatment
Must be told in two stories:
All other drugs
Both stories begin with moralistic premises
Both research and treatment efforts diverge largely because of agency
separation in the federal government
Drug Therapy in the Pediatric Patient
o Safe Drug Administration
Administration of drugs during the first year of life can be a challenge due
to rapid changes in body size, body composition, and organ function.
o Historical Perspective
It was not until
o Gateway drugs can be accessed easily
How do you think the boys know so much about drugs?
Why might the boys be against drugs?
Would it be difficult for the boys to get their hands on drugs?
Biology and genetics of substance abuse
o Annual cost to society
o Brains of addicts are different from brains of non-addicts
But where they the same to start with?
o Genetic architecture
Estimated Economic Cost to Society Due to Substance
Abuse and Addiction:
Illegal drugs: $181 billion/year
o What is Addiction?
Addiction is A Brain Disease
Types of drugs
o Stimulants (uppers) Speed up the brain and central nervous system.
Examples are caffeine (coffee, tea) nicotine (cigarettes), amphetamines, speed,
cocaine and diet pills.
Types of drugs
o Depressants (downers) Slow down the brain and cen
Side Effects of Psychiatric Medications in Long Term Care
o Anti-anxiety agents
o Mood stabilizers
o Sleep agents
o Dementia medications
o Why do you get side effects?
o Medications try to alter brain chemical
Vision impairment affects a significant proportion of middle-aged and
1 in 6 adults (17%), age 45 and older, representing 13.5 million
Americans, reports some form of vision impairment even when
o Drug a substance that causes a physical or emotional change in a person.
*Prescription Drugs Dr. written order
*Tobacco*Alcohol*Illegal drugs* Herbal*Caffeine*Inhalants
o Effect the influence a drug has on
o Drug Use
Taking a psychoactive substance for non-medical purposes, out of
o Drug Abuse
Drug use that leads to problems (e.g. loss of effectiveness in society;
behavioral psychopathology, criminal acts)
o Drug Dependence