Grieco, Joseph. 1988. Anarchy and the Limits of Cooperation: A Realist Critique of the
Newest Liberal Institutionalism. International Organization 42 (3):485-507.
Grieco claims that liberalism has attributed to realism a concept of the state that is not p
Sagan, S. D. and K. N. Waltz (1995). The spread of nuclear weapons : a debate. New York, W.W. Norton.
Bottom Line: Where Waltz uses structural theory to argue that nuclear weapons (along with bipolarity) were the
major difference that kept the world free
PS243c: International Political Economy
Power and Wealth: Institutional Approaches
Steven Krasner, Structural causes and regime consequences: regimes as intervening
variables, IO. 36,2, Spring 1982, pp. 185-205 (introduction of volume)
Scott D. Sagan and Kenneth N. Waltz. The Spread of Nuclear Weapons: A Debate
Renewed (New York: W.W. Norton, 2002).
Waltz: Rational deterrence theory:
There is a fundamental difference between conventional and nuclear worlds.
The Neo-Realist and Neo-Liberal Debate
Joseph M. Grieco. Anarchy and the Limits of Cooperation: A Realist Critique of the Newest
Liberal Institutionalism, Neorealism and Neoliberalism, (New York: Columbia University
The author is a neo-reali
Scott D. Sagan. Why Do States Build Nuclear Weapons? International Security 21, 3, Winter 1996/97, pp. 54-86.
Quick summary: The widely held security (realist) model explanation for nuclear proliferation decisions is inadequate.
Multicausality lies at the
Robert Keohane and Lisa Martin. The Promise of Institutionalist Theory
International Security 20(1), Summer 1995, pp.39-51
General argument: Keohane and Martin respond to Mearsheimer.
Major states have willingly invested resources in international institu
ROOT CAUSES OF CONFLICT, CHALLENGES AT THE MICRO LEVEL
AND IMPLICATIONS IN POST CONFLICT CYPRUS
Department of Social and Political Sciences
University of Cyprus
This paper analyses part of a pioneering research survey carr
Waltz, Kenneth. A Response to My Critics, in Neorealism and its Critics. 1986
Ruggie: Waltz missed Durkheims idea of dynamic intensity the change in property
rights and authority structures between the medieval and modern period was a change in
Waltz, Kenneth. Theory of International Politics, Ch. 4-6, reprinted in Neorealism and Its
General argument: Balance of power politics prevail whenever: the structure is
anarchic and the units within the structure seek survival.
Outcomes are det
John J. Mearsheimer, The Tragedy of Great Power Politics (New York: Norton, 2001)
Offensive realist account of international politics, focusing on great power behavior.
While largely an explanatory theory, also prescriptive in that states should behave ac
Alexander Wendt, Social Theory of International Politics (1999)
Chapter 6: Three cultures of anarchy
Self-help does not follow from anarchy: other possible logics, or macro-level structures, are possible:
enemy, rival, and friend. (247)
Culture (of the sy
Stephen M. Walt. 1987. Origins of Alliances Ithaca: Cornell University Press, Chapters 1,2, 5.
Summary: This book presents balance of threat theory as a reformulation of balance of power
theory to explain interstate alliances.1 States ally to balance agai
John J. Mearscheimer: The False Promise of International Institutions
International Security, Winter 1994/95 (Vol. 19, No. 3), pp. 5-49
The short story:
The article examines the claim, made by three institutionalist IR theories (liberal
Summary, Kenneth Waltz, Chapter 5 in Keohane
Anarchic Orders and Balances of Power
Waltz begins his analysis with the commonly quoted phrase that among states, the state of nature
is equivalent to the threat of war and that this arises from the fact that
Waltz, Kenneth N. Theory of International Politics. 1979
Disclaimer: Theory of International Politics is a deceptively complex and nuanced work demonstrated best by its
enduring legacy. That being said, no outline captures everything important contained i
Sagan, S. (1993). The Limits of Safety: Organizations, Accidents, and Nuclear Weapons.
Princeton, Princeton University Press.
Introduction: Expecting the Unexpected
Sagan seeks to compare two theories of accident occurrence in organizations: Normal Accide
John J. Mearsheimer. Back to the future: instability in Europe after the Cold War International Security 15, 1, Summer 1990,
Note: there is significant overlap between this article and Waltz so I defer to Waltz on discussion of the benefits of b
John J. Mearsheimer (1995) The False Promise of International Institutions
L The main concern between realist and institutionalist is whether institutions markedly
affect the prospects for international stability.
L Mearsheimers thesis: institutions have
Readings on Sovereignty
Krasner, Sovereignty: Organized Hypocrisy
n question: how strongly do norms of sovereignty constrain power-based behavior?
Chapters 1, 8
1. types of sovereignty, as defined by territory, autonomy, recognition, and control
Lisa Martin, Democratic Commitments: Legislatures and International Cooperation
(Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2000): chapters 1, 2 and 7
How does legislative influence on democracies foreign policy vary?
How does legislative partici
Mearsheimer, John. The False Promise of International Institutions. International Security
13, 3, 1994.
Mearsheimer reviews liberal institutionalism, collective security and critical theory to evaluate
whether the claim that institutions1 cause peace is c
Realism and International Relations
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