Sparta and the Persian Wars
The Rise of Sparta
Ever since Messenian Wars Sparta followed an aggressive policy of
expansion, partly through war and partly through diplomacy.
By the beginning of the 5th century Sparta owned the whole of southern
Geography and the Early Greeks
- EQ: How did the geography of Greece help shape early Greek civilization?
- Mountain and Settlements
Mountains cover much of Greece, few flat areas for farmland
People settled in flat areas along the coast and in river v
Unit 3: Democracy and Greeces Golden Age
o World History Core
o Cultural Interaction
o Democratic principles and classical culture flourished during Greeces golden
o Why is it important today?!?!?
o At its height, Greece set lasting s
The Greek Culture
Greece achieved its independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1829.
Following the defeat of Communist rebels in 1949, Greece joined NATO
A military dictatorship, which in 1967 suspended many politic
Alexander the Great
o Philip intended to use Greece as a launching pad to invade Persia, but he was
assassinated before he could begin his plan
o Instead the invasion of Persia would be left for Philips son Alexander who was
just 20 when Philip was assas
(384 - 322 BCE)
o Life & Times
o Aristotle (384-322 BCE)
o Platos student
o born in Macedonia about the time Plato was opening the Academy in Athens
o age seven went to Athens and entered the Academy-stayed on as teacher; left
20 yrs later on P
The Hellenistic Age
o -Key Concepts oikoumene
o I. Peloponnesian War (430-404 BCE)
Very costly and drawn out
The defeat of Athens
Persia was the big winner
Greek city-states commit political suicide
Recognition of what had been lost prod
Athens & Sparta:
A Tale of Two Cities
o A Tale of Two Wars
o Polis: The Center of Greek Life
o The polis or city-state was the central focus of Greek life.
o The citizens of a polis had defined rights and responsibilities
o A strong identity and loyalty
The Legacy of Ancient Greece
o Greek Contributions
o Greek contributions: influence from the Greeks that affects us today, as in the
o Greek Contribution
o What is mythology?
Some people use the word myth to mean fake, but
Mythology is the study of stories that were used to explain the world and
other human experiences.
In the same way, Greek Myths
Were used to explain
the creation of the
Philip of Macedon and Alexander the Great
o So just how great was Alexander the Great?
o Greece & Philip of Macedon
Why was Philip able to take over almost all of Greece by 336 BCE?
The death of the polis
lack of leadership
Ancient Greece Geography
o How has the geography of Minnesota impacted your lives?
o Geography had the same impacts on Ancient Greeks
Climate of Ancient Greece
Greece has a Mediterranean climate