Theories of Art
o Art is not a mirror to reflect reality, but a hammer with which to shape it
o 1. Imitation Theory
Imitation theories interpret art as either a literal mirror of life or else it
draws upon and tries to clarify life. There is a c
What is Islamic Art?
o Problems of Definition
The case of calligraphy
o 1. Problems of Definition
Where does the term Islamic art come from?
Possible meanings based on use and interpretation:
Beautiful objects used for sacred purposes (Qurans, mosque
o The Jmon people are said to have been the first settlers of Japan.
o They are known for their cord-markings, impressions made with rope which was
first applied to pottery. Its said that the Jmon pottery is the oldest yet discovered
in the worl
o Expressionism Overview
o Political and Social Context
o What is Expressionism?
o Expressionism in Art and Film Noir
o Expressionism in Theater
o Franz Kafka
o World War One, The Great War
World War One consisted of two stages
o Claude-Oscar Monet, born November 14 in Paris 1840
o Sells caricatures & meets Eugne Boudin
o Moves to Paris and enrolls in the Swiss Academy 1859
o Paints with Boudin and Johan Jongkind
o Returns to Paris and enrolls in
o Difference between Realism and Modernism
o Whereas REALISM
Emphasized absolutism, and
Believed that a single reality could be determined through the observation
Argued for cultural relativism,
o 400a.d. to 1400. a.d.
o Rome Falls and the Church gains power
The Middle Ages included the millennium from the 5th to the 15th
century, roughly from the fall of Rome until the renaissance. During
its initial period, called the Dark Ages,
Introduction to Art
o What Is Art?
What are the Fine Arts?
o What is needed to make art?
o What is Composition?
Elements: The Tools
(The cat looks very funny singing songs.)
o Pre Surrealists:
Giorgio de Chirico
o The Subconscious
Surrealism was a style of art and literature that stressed the subconscious
or non rational.
The Italian Renaissance
o -Key Concepts I. Why in Italy at this Time?
Revival of Commerce and Town Building was more intense in Italy
Feudalism had less of a grip on Italy
Two competing lords for control of Italy were losing influence
Presence of ant
o The people of the Mi'kmaq people have lived in what is now Nova Scotia and the
Maritimes for hundreds of years.
They have generally expressed their culture and worldviews in stories
We are able to experience and understand
o Im skeptical about cultural relativism
Reducio ad absurdem argument
Theme: Its alright to be wrong!
Truth is relative to individu