S A T YA G R A H A
he always reminded his followers that in cleansing their
own hearts, bodies, and souls, they must pray for those
against whom satyagraha was launched. He never hated
any Boer or Englishman, nor thought of anyone as his
enemy, feeling on
list of maps
Volume 1
The Mughal Empire, 15251707 . . . . . . . 30
The Empire of Alexander the Great . . . . . . 35
The Bengal Partition and Related Changes,
19051912 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132
The Revolt of 18571859 . . . . . . . . . . 170
The Adv
SCHEDULED TRIBES
Ugras, who also subsisted by killing animals in holes,
were ferocious in manner, and delighted in cruelty, were
produced by Kshatriya males impregnating Shudra
females. The Artha Shastra (Treatise on material gain)
attributed to Kautilya
LIST OF ARTICLES
Roy, Ram Mohan
Rural Credit, Evolution of since 1952
Russia, Relations with
S
Sabhas and Samitis
Sam
ska ra
Sankhya
Sarod
Sassoon, David
Satyagraha
Saving and Investment Trends since 1950
Sayyid Ahmed Khan and the Aligarh Movement
Schedu
SAROD
subtle elements (tanmatra): ether (akasha), air, light,
water, and earth. From the subtle elements emerge the
five material elements (mahabhuta). Next emerge the five
organs of sense ( jnanendriya): hearing, touch, sight, taste,
and smell, and five
LIST OF ARTICLES
Banerjea, Surendranath N.
Bangalore
Bangladesh
Bank and NonBank Supervision
Banking Sector Reform since 1991
Barahmasa
Baroda
Bene Israel
Bengal
Bentinck, Lord William
Bhabha, Homi
Bhagavad Gta
Bhagavata Purana
Bhajan
Bhakti
Bharat
Bhara
S AY Y I D A H M E D K H A N A N D T H E A L I G A R H M O V E M E N T
met in Madras (Chennai), Sir Sayyid utilized a public
session of the Educational Congress at Lucknow to
oppose Muslim participation in the National Congress.
On 16 March 1888, he reite
RA
SAM
. SKA
Sharma, Ram Sharan. Aspects of Political Ideas and Institutions
in Ancient India. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 1959.
Spellman, John W. Political Theory of Ancient India: A Study
of Kingship from the Earliest Times to Circa A.D. 300. Oxford:
Cl
SCIENTISTS OF INDIAN ORIGIN AND THEIR CONTRIBUTIONS
behavior of elementary particles of integer spin. Such
particles are now called bosons, and Bose statistics, as
they have come to be known, explain phenomena such as
superconductivity.
Sir Prafulla Chand
SCULPTURE: KUSHANA
hovering in the air with a wreath; acolytes with flywhisks on
each side; the Buddhas shaven head with a topknot like a
snail shell (kaparda), hence called kapardin; the right hand
raised in abhaya mudra (protection) and the left hand re
SCIENCE
the population. Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand, two new
states formed by redrawing Indias state boundaries in
2000, contained concentrations of scheduled tribes.
Indias scheduledcaste policies have aimed to reduce the
socioeconomic differences betwee
S AV I N G A N D I N V E S T M E N T T R E N D S S I N C E 1 9 5 0
TABLE 1
Gross domestic savings in India and its components as a percent of GDP (in current market prices)
Household
saving
Period (1)
Financial
Physical
Total
Private corporate
saving
Tota
S C U L P T U R E : M A U R YA N A N D S H U N G A N
Ring stones. Small circular brown alabaster or soapstone rings, measuring between 3 and 7 inches (7.618 cm)
with minute carvings, are beautiful specimens of the
MauryanShungan period. These were found
S AV I N G A N D I N V E S T M E N T T R E N D S S I N C E 1 9 5 0
fast melted the hearts of all who opposed him, or
fought one another. Gandhi viewed that as proof positive
of the blessed powers of ahimsa, its irresistible force.
But such thaws rarely la
s
SABARMATI. See Ahmedabad; Gujarat; Gandhi,
Mahatma M. K.
SABHAS AND SAMITIS The term sabha occurred
eight times in the Rig Veda and seventeen times in the
Atharva Veda. In one instance, sabha referred to a meeting hall. In other instances, sabha referre
S A S S O O N , DAV I D
Sarod Maker at His Workshop. An instrument of Indian classical music, the sonerous sarod possibly originates from the Persian
senya rabab, played in India until the midnineteenth century. HULTONDEUTSCH COLLECTION / CORBIS.
Two fa
SCULPTURE AND BRONZE IMAGES FROM KASHMIR
barebreasted. It is at this stage in its history that
Kashmir began to project political power well beyond its
borders. One of the effects is a powerful artistic influence
on the sculpture of Afghanistan and adjac
SCULPTURE: KUSHANA
Coin Depicting Kanishka. Kanishka, the legendary secondcentury ruler of the Kushan dynasty in India. A major patron of
the arts, he authorized the construction of many Buddhist
monuments and helped found the Gandharan school of
sculptur
Probability Toss
Use fractions to express the probabilities of each outcome
when a dart is thrown.
REMEMBER: Probability is the likelihood a given outcome
will occur. It is expressed as a fraction.
22
1
14
48
4
63
25
What is the probability that the next
Probability Toss
Use fractions to express the probabilities of each outcome
when a dart is thrown.
REMEMBER: Probability is the likelihood a given outcome
will occur. It is expressed as a fraction.
33
44
28
8
3
61
1
What is the probability that the next
d
Mathematical challenges
for able pupils
in Key Stages 1 and 2
Department for Education and Employment
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Probability Darts
Find the portion of the dart board that each panel occupies and use your
knowledge of degrees and fractions to answer the following questions
about probability.
REMEMBER: Probability is the likelihood a given outcome will occur. It is