Prepositions Quiz 2
Fill in the blanks with appropriate prepositions.
1. The boy walked the road.
d) in to
2. The river flows - the bridge.
3. The work was done haste.
Complete the following sentences.
1. She be perfectly happy if she had a son.
c) Would have
2. If that . Ann, why didnt she stop and say hello?
3. If you had asked me, I told you.
a) Would have
Present progressive and simple present: differences
Long lasting situations
The present progressive is not normally used to talk about long lasting or permanent situations. Instead, we use
the simple present.
My sister lives abroad. (Long lasting or perma
Common mistakes in the use of articles
The correct use of the articles is one of the most difficult points in English grammar. Here are some rules
regarding the correct usage of the definite and indefinite articles.
When you talk about a person or thing f
More and Most
More is the comparative form of much and many. It indicates a greater amount or number than that is indicated
by much or many.
You should sleep more than you do at the moment.
I need more time to finish the work.
Before a noun with a
Conditional clauses exercise
Fill in the blanks with appropriate conditional verb forms.
1. If you . hard, you will get a first class.
c) had studied
2. If I the key, I will give it to you.
c) had found
3. If we now, w
Miscellaneous grammar mistakes
Here are some grammar mistakes often committed by ESL students.
Incorrect: How do you do? Quite well, thank you.
The correct reply to this question is to repeat How do you do? only.
Incorrect: She is running seventeen.
Inversion of subject and auxiliary verb
In several different structures the auxiliary verb comes before the subject. This is usually referred to as inversion.
Written questions have the following word order: auxiliary verb + subject + main verb.
What are verbal nouns?
A verbal noun is a noun derived from a verb. It exhibits all of the properties of ordinary nouns and none of the
properties of verbs.
A verbal noun can have plural forms just like a noun. It can also occur with determiners and adjec
Infinitives without to
We usually put the marker to before the infinitive.
I want to go.
She wants to sing.
It is nice to meet you.
In some cases we use the infinitive without to.
After modal auxiliary verbs
The infinitive is used without to after modal a
Indirect speech exercise
Change the following sentences into indirect speech.
1. He said to me, You are very ambitious.
2. He said to me, Your father has sent you a gift.
3. James said, I am working against heavy odds.
4. He said to me, I have often told
Uses of that
That can be used as an adjective and a pronoun. It is the singular form of those.
Look at that man over there.
Look at those men over there.
As an adjective that can refer to either people or things.
This photograph is much better th
Ways of forming the feminine gender
There are three ways of forming the feminine gender.
1) By using an entirely different word.
Bachelor (masculine) / spinster or maid (feminine)
Boy / girl
Man / woman
Husband / wife
Father / mother
Brother / sister
The forms like Ive, dont etc. are called contractions. There are two kinds:
Auxiliary verb + not
cant (= cannot)
wouldnt (= would not)
shouldnt (= should not)
wont (= will not)
havent (= have not)
isnt (= is not)
You shouldnt do it.
I cant co
Direct and indirect object: position
Some verbs can be followed by two objects a direct object and an indirect object.
Subject + verb + indirect object + direct object
The President awarded John a gold medal. (indirect object John; direct object a gold me
Verbs Exercise For Kids
Fill in the blanks with suitable verbs.
1. A doctor patients.
2. Bullocks . carts.
3. I . my holidays at my uncles place.
4. An ostrich cannot .
5. Hens . eggs.
6. A lion does not grass.
7. In the morning, most people . a newspaper
Forming a complex sentence with an adverb clause
A complex sentence must have a principal clause and one or more subordinate clauses. The subordinate clause
may be a noun clause, an adjective clause or an adverb clause.
We can form a complex sentence by c
Grammar structures with need
After need an ing form can be used in British English. In this case the ing form has the same meaning as that
of a passive infinitive.
That carpet needs cleaning. (= That carpet needs to be cleaned.)
Your nails need c
Infinitive clause as subject and object
In older English, it was common to use an infinitive clause as the subject of a sentence.
To find fault with others is easy.
To wait for people who are never punctual makes me angry.
In modern English, this is unusu
Difference between below and under
Both below and under can mean lower than.
The knives are in the cupboard under the sink. OR The knives are in the cupboard below the sink.
Below is preferred when one thing is not directly under another.
The sun disappea
More and most with short adjectives
Adjectives of three or more syllables have more and most.
Careful / more careful / most careful
Beautiful / more beautiful / most beautiful
Intelligent / more intelligent / most intelligent
Practical / more practical /
Less and least: exercise
Rewrite the following sentences by using less or least without changing the meaning.
1. The mango is sweeter than the apple.
2. Iron is more useful than copper.
3. Gold is more precious than silver.
4. This is the most useless of
A lot of, lots of and a lot
These three expressions are used in informal English. They mean a great quantity of or a large number of.
A lot of / lots of
These expressions can be used before a countable or an uncountable noun.
A lot of people want to buy c
Spelling : capital letters
Capital letters are used at the beginning of the following kinds of words.
1. the names of days, months and public holidays. The names of seasons do not usually begin with capital letters.
Sunday; Monday; Friday
Pronouns: general rules
Since a personal pronoun is used instead of a noun, it must be of the same number, gender and person as the
noun for which it stands.
Those beggars are idle. They refuse to work for their living. (Here the pronoun they is of the sa
Three ways of expressing the same idea
In many sentences you will find an agent (the person or thing who does something) and a recipient (the person or
thing that something is done to). If we want to make the agent the subject, we use active verb forms.
At, in and to: exercise
Fill in the blanks with appropriate prepositions.
1. He gets . the market by bike. (at / to)
2. My parents live .Singapore. (at / in)
3. I go . Singapore to see them whenever I can. (at / to)
4. I went to see my parents . Singapore
Detailed rules for change of tenses in indirect speech
When the reporting verb is in the past tense, all present tenses of the direct speech change to corresponding
The simple present tense becomes the simple past tense.
Direct speech: He sai
Possessive pronouns and adjectives
The possessive forms mine, yours, his, hers, ours and theirs are pronouns, used without following nouns.
That coat is mine. Is this yours?
My hair is black. His is grey.
He is a friend of ours.
I have a book of yours wit
Study the following sentences.
They started in the morning. (Started when? in the morning)
They started before the sun rose. (started when? before the sun rose)
It is clear that in sentence 1 and sentence 2 the groups of words in italics do