Pengertian kredibilitas perusahaaan adalah tingkat kepercayaan sebuah
perusahaan di mata klien, pelanggan, mitra bisnis, dan sumber daya keuangan.
Kredibilitas merupakan kombinasi antara reputasi dan profil kredit perusahaan.
Jika kurang satu atau yang la
Querida madre Rosa
Lo siento por tomar esa foto con la chica. Ellos no Djame me
solo Yo quera ir a clase pero estaban frente de m yo esta
una prisa Y segu diciendo que no Y siguieron diciendo que s
y yo segu diciendo que no
y yo todava tena que ir a clas
When the "Good Idea" Is a Bad Idea
Have you ever heard a well-intentioned manager start a meeting
with the question, "OK, so who's got a good idea about this?"
What is the assumption here? Before any evaluation of
what's a "good idea" can be trusted, the
have thought or said, "First we need to find out if the restaurant is
open", or "Let's call the Andersons and see if they'd like to go out
with us." Once you've generated various thoughts relevant to the
outcome, your mind will automatically begin to sort
The Natural Planning Model
You're already familiar with the most brilliant and creative plan
ner in the world: your brain. You yourself are actually a planning
machine. You're planning when you get dressed, eat
lunch, go to the store, or simply talk. Alth
them. Or redraw the boxes and relabel them.
At some point they realize that just redrawing
boxes isn't really doing much to solve the problem.
Now someone (much more sophisticated) suggests
that more creativity is needed. "Let's brainstorm!"
and energy, from deciding to run for elective office to
designing a form.
Ultimately you can't feel good about a staf
meeting unless you know what the purpose of the
meeting was. And if you want to sleep well, you'd better have a
good answer when your boa
It Motivates Let's face it: if there's no good reason to be doing
something, it's not worth doing. I'm often stunned by how many
people have forgotten why they're doing what they're doingand
by how quickly a simple question like "Why are you doing that?"
Did you ever have to do that, create an outline to begin with?
Did you ever stare at a Roman numeral I at the top of your page
for a torturous period of time and decide that planning and orga
nizing ahead of time were for people very different from you?
Management Yesterday and Today
Organizations and managers have existed for thousands of years. The Egyptian
pyramids and the Great Wall of China were projects of tremendous scope and
magnitude, and required good management. Regardless of the tit
Introduction to Management and Organizations
The 21st century has brought with it a new workplace, one in which everyone must
adapt to a rapidly hanging society with constantly shifting demands and
The economy has become global an
2) GENERAL ADMINISTRATIVE THEORISTS
This group of writers, who focused on the entire organization, developed more
general theories of what managers do and what constitutes good management
Henri Fayol and Max Weber were the two most prominent pro
2. The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) is an
agreement among the Mexican, Canadian, and U.S. governments in
which barriers to trade have been eliminated.
a. NAFTA went into effect on January 1, 1994.
b. The signing of NAFTA was both criticized
Managing in a Global Environment
Managers in all types and sizes of organizations must constantly monitor changes
consider the particular characteristics of their own location as they plan, organize,
and control in this dynamic environ
Entrepreneurship: It is the process whereby an individual or group of individuals use
organized efforts to pursue opportunities to create value and grow by fulfilling
and needs through innovation and uniqueness, no matter what resources the
The Universality of Management: Management is needed in all types and sizes of
organizations, at all organizational levels, and in all organizational work areas
throughout the world. The Reality of Work: All employees of an organization either
manage or a
Mary Parker Follet defines management as, The art of getting things done through
people Management involves coordinating and overseeing the work activities of
others so that
their activities are completed efficiently and effectively.
1) Coordinating and o
In the late 1960s, Henry Mintzberg conducted a precise study of managers at work.
concluded that managers perform 10 different roles, which are highly interrelated.
Management roles refer to specific categories of managerial behavior.
1) First-line managers (often called supervisors) are located on the lowest level of
2) Middle managers include all levels of management between the first-line level
and the top level of the organization.
3) Top managers include managers at or