To: Daniel R. Kesling <daniel.kesling@federalsavings.com>
From: Karina Castillo <karina.castillo@federalsavings.com>
Subject: My Idea
Cc:
Bcc:
Mr. Kesling,
Recently, you have asked for ideas on how to improve customer relations, and we can easily do so by

9.1 About the history of the interpretation
245
is a complete alternative, if we only interpret both concepts broadly enough.
Particles or bodies are localized objects; fields, especially waves, are states
which in principle extend over all space. Accordi

254
9 The problem of the interpretation of quantum theory
The question then was from which classical theory one ought to start. For
matter one started with classical point mechanics and obtained through quantization Schr
odingers wave mechanics in configu

138
5 Models of particles and interaction
with large p. The sharpness of the rest mases ought then to manifest itself as
the distinction of certain values of p. Only if such values are distinguished can
one hope to actually find field equations for distin

7.1 Irreversibility as problem
185
attain a precise meaning only after an accurate specification of what must be
understood under object, environment, state, quantity, change,
A sucient mathematical condition for reversibility is that there are, as
state

9.1 About the history of the interpretation
257
of phenomenon. Time should not be introduced primarily mathematically as a
continuum of numbers but in the grouping of present, past, and future which
forms the basis of our experience. Irreversibility is ex

206
7 Irreversibility and entropy
from the fact, as repeatedly emphasized, that thereby the distinction of the
respective present is not explained) here lies the circle that the initial state of
the universe guarantees the Second Law only for those physic

6.1 Quantum theory of abstract binary alternatives and cosmology
163
In astronomical observations one uses the luminosity distance DL , which is
obtained from the absolute luminosity L and the apparent luminosity :
(6.45)
2
.
L = 4DL
DL is a function of t

248
9 The problem of the interpretation of quantum theory
particle conforms to the laws of probability, but the probability itself is propagated in accordance with the law of causality (Jammer, p. 40). Orthodox
quantum theory followed him there.
Neverthel

5.5 Elementary particles
135
In Sect. 5.4e we found arguments for the conjecture that, at least in electrodynamics, the value of the coupling constant depends on the value of the
rest mass. This question, however, exceeds the scope of the present stage of

266
9 The problem of the interpretation of quantum theory
which one may disregard, in a certain approximation, the noncommutativity.
But we do not follow Neumanns leveling assumption (Sect. 9.1h) that every
bounded self-adjoint operator represents a permi

Part III
On the interpretation of physics
9
The problem of the interpretation of quantum
theory
9.1 About the history of the interpretation
Was wei ich, wenn ich wei?
9.1.1 The task
The interpretation of physics is a philosophical task. It is a supplement

172
6 Cosmology and particle physics (by Th. G
ornitz)
We wish to show now that every elementary object can be described by
a certain combination of urs, i.e., quantum bits. Motion then implies that
certain combinations of urs are added and others removed

182
7 Irreversibility and entropy
which one must expect if all events of the particular sequence have happened.
For a current event, that which may or must happen in the immediate future
is in general dierent from what happened in the immediate past. A ca

324
11 Beyond quantum theory
sacrifice of the basic concept of facticity. We present this emerging theory of
events as a thesis, but in the guise of a fairy tale.
An event in the strict sense is a presentic event, something that is happening here and now.

178
6 Cosmology and particle physics (by Th. G
ornitz)
To think of quantum information in such an abstract manner has scarcely
been considered in physics thus far. But this is now on the agenda, as it on the
one hand emphasizes the structure of physics in

7.4 Cosmology and the theory of relativity
203
would a human being find the universe such as we know it? without asking
about the conditions that humans can exist at all. If the universe such as
we find it adheres to these conditions then the conditional

6.1 Quantum theory of abstract binary alternatives and cosmology
151
to interpret general relativity as a theory of local deviations from what is to
a first approximation smooth, unperturbed cosmology.
Cosmological research is rightfully proud of the mult

7.3 Documents
197
new will happen; the detailed prediction depends then only on the presently
neglected influence of the environment. On the other hand, the assumption
of the pot standing there undisturbed cannot be extrapolated without limits
into the pa

160
6 Cosmology and particle physics (by Th. G
ornitz)
where we have included the constants in (6.23) and (6.24) (G is the gravitational constant). The constant K has the value K = 1 for a closed, K = 0 for
a flat, and K = 1 for a hyperbolic position spac

6.2 Ur-theoretic vacuum and particle states
169
state (6.18) of quantum bits for the interior. For according to Bekenstein and
Hawking the amount of information in the interior of a black hole can be
estimated which, as indicated, in its concrete form is

7.2 A model of irreversible processes
w
=
N2
n2
.
2n(N n)
191
(7.21)
The derived probabilities of the four indicated cases are products, where we
denote the denominator by N :
w = w
w
=
w = w =
n4
,
N 2
w
w+
w = w+
w+
=
n2 (N n)2
=
.
N 2
(N n)4
,
N 2
(7.

234
8 Information and evolution
More recent investigations of the authors show how large the domain of
biological and societal phenomena is that can be described by these qualitative
concepts.
8.7 Biological preliminaries to logic
8.7.1 Methodological
Thi

200
7 Irreversibility and entropy
on the system could make the inference from documents more dubious, the
knowledge of special causal connections can make them more precise. But in
the end, the validity of our argument is not aected, on the average over a

166
6 Cosmology and particle physics (by Th. G
ornitz)
Fig. 6.10. The probability distribution for H0 t0 given the SN Ia observations is
tightly constrained to 0.960.04, and an approximating Gaussian curve (from Tonry
et al., 2003, Fig. 15).
At present th

6.3 Relativistic particles
lvac =
! ! (1)p[1]+p[2] "
#
"
#
f 1, 3, p[1] f 2, 4, p[2] |
p[1]!p[2]!
175
(6.57)
p[1] p[2]
where the sums over p[1] and p[2] extend in each case from zero to infinity.
Clearly the statement that there are no particles in Minkow

144
5 Models of particles and interaction
1. Finding the field equations,
2. determining the constant .
1) As in other theories we expect the form of the equation to be already
determined to a large extent by invariance requirements. Here we need merely
r

9.1 About the history of the interpretation
251
miracleand appears to me as a miracle even today. This is the highest form
of musicality in the sphere of thought (See Sect. 2.11a).
It was given to Heisenberg and not Bohr to find the solid ground on
which