ORAL CAVITY AND GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT:
1. A 50 yr old man, with a history of pipe smoking, presents with whitish mucosal patches on the
vermillion border of the lower lip and buccal mucosa. On biopsy there was marked
hyperkeratosis and epithelial dysplas
4. Name FIVE MAJOR HEPATITIC DRUG REACTIONS and IMPLICATED AGENTS
4. Major hepatic drug reactions and implicated agents
Microvesicular fat: Tetracyclines, salicylates
Cholestasis: Chlorpromazine, sex steroids, OCPs
A 14 years old male presents in the OPD with shortness of breath for one
month and swelling of right knee joint for two weeks. He suffers from sore throat off
and on. His ASO Titre is 800 IU/ml. The doctor suspects that he is su
DISEASES OF BREAST:
Q10. A 68 year old lady has presented with a painless mass in upper outer quadrant
of left breast. A pathologist is grading a breast tumor according to the Scarff-BloomRichardson system.
Which three morphological features will
Illustrate the pathogenesis of anemia, skeletal deformities and
hemochromatosis in beta thalassemia major with the help of a flow chart.
Q2. Illustrate the pathogenesis of anemia, skeletal deformities and
hemochromatosis in beta
A 25-year-old female went to a pulmonologist at the peak of spring season having
severe dysponea and wheeze. Her pulmonary function tests showed decreased
FEV1, serum IgE levels were elevated and blood revealed absolute eosinophilia.
The patient presented with mass in front of neck, throidectomy was done
and specimen was sent for histopathology. While examining H & E sections from the
thyroidectomy specimen, a pathologist notices a lesion having a follicular patter
MALE GENITAL SYSTEM :
A male presented in OPD with a right testicular mass.
a) What three serum markers would you order in a patient with a testicular
b) What is the value of serum markers in the context of testicular tumors?
Q8. A male pr
3. a) Classify DIABETES MELLITUS.
b) Diagrammatically describe the PATHOGENESIS OF KETOACIDOSIS.
A fibrous variant with keloid-like fibrosis
Type I (IDDM)
Type II (NIDDM)
Genetic defects of Beta cell functions
Genetic defects i
MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM AND BONES
Q12. A 19 year old male presented in OPD with swelling in left knee for last 6
months which is associated with pain. He complaints of shortness of breath for the
last one month. X-Ray of the knee shows ill-define
FEMALE GENITAL SYSTEM:
A 45-year-old female patient develops a peanut sized nodule in an old midline
laparotomy scar, which becomes painful during menstrual period. The excised
nodule consists of normal-looking endometrial tissue with glands and strom
CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM.
Q13. A 60-year-old man presented to his primary care physician with complaints of
headache and weakness in his left arm over the past several weeks. The day before
his appointment, he experienced two episodes of uncontrollable shak