languages, such as English. By law, two copies of all printed matter
which has been in operation for over seventy years and today performs
more than two hundred concerts each year. Israel has also produced
many musicians of note, some achieving inter
Kumaraswamy, P. R. (5 June 2002). "The Legacy of Undefined
Borders". Tel Aviv Notes. Retrieved 25 March 2013.
Sanger, Andrew (2011). M.N. Schmitt, Louise Arimatsu, Tim
McCormack, eds. "The Contemporary Law of Blockade and the Gaza
Freedom Flotilla". Yea
Its mixed neighbourhood of Jews and Ahmadi Arabs is the only one of
its kind in the country.
Main article: Education in Israel
Education in Israel is highly valued in the national culture with its
historical values dating back to Ancie
For statistical purposes, the country is divided into three metropolitan
areas: Tel Aviv metropolitan area (population 3,206,400),
disengagement from Gaza though it continues to maintain control of its
airspace and waters. The UN Security Council has decl
Capital Largest city
Jews Arabs Total note
67% 32% 1,058,000 a
Nazareth 43% 54% 1,380,400
68% 26% 981,300
88% 8% 2,07
(ENP), which aims at bringing the EU and its neighbours closer.
Although Turkey and Israel did not establish full diplomatic relations
until 1991, Turkey has cooperated with the State since its recognition
of Israel in 1949. Turkey's ties to the
Israeli citizenship under the Law of Return. Approximately
76% of Israeli Jews are born in Israel, 16% are immigrants from Europe
and the Americas, and 8% are immigrants from Asia and Africa
(including the Arab World). Jews from Europe
9th Station of the Cross on the Via Dolorosa street in Jerusalem. The
Church of the Holy Sepulchre in the background is venerated by
Christians as the site of the Burial of Jesus.
Making up 16% of the population, Muslims constitute Israel's largest
n one million Russian-speaking immigrants arrived in Israel from the
former Soviet Union states between 1990 and 2004. French is spoken
by around 700,000 Israelis, mostly originating from France and North
Africa (see Maghrebi Jews). English was
diplomatic missions around the world; countries with whom they
have no diplomatic relations include most Muslim countries. Only
three members of the Arab League have normalized relations with
Israel: Egypt and Jordan signed peace treaties in 197
Retrieved 30 July 2015.
"'Basic Law: Jerusalem, Capital of Israel'". Knesset.gov.il.
Retrieved 14 October 2013.
Galnoor, Itzhak. The Partition of Palestine: Decision Crossroads in
the Zionist Movement. SUNY Press, 1995. Retrieved 26 January 2015.
about 15th in the all-time medal count. The 1968 Summer Paralympics
were hosted by Israel. The Maccabiah Games, an Olympic-style
event for Jewish athletes and Israeli athletes, was inaugurated in the
1930s, and has been held every four years since th
"Average annual wages, 2013 USD PPPs and 2013 constant
prices". Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development,
OECD. 2012. Retrieved 20 February 2015.
"WHO: Life expectancy in Israel among highest in the world".
Haaretz. 24 May 2009.
Institute of Science, Technion, Hebrew University, TAU and BIU) and
economics (Hebrew University and TAU). Israel has produced six
Nobel Prize-winning scientists since 2002 and has been
frequently ranked as one of the countries with th
"Jewish and democratic" creates a strong connection with Judaism, as
well as a conflict between state law and religious law. Interaction
between the political parties keeps the balance between state and
religion largely as it existed during the British Ma
largest number of plant species per square meter of all the countries in
Tectonics and seismicity
Main article: Geography of Israel Seismic activity
Satellite images of Israel and neighboring territories during the day (left)
the world. By 2014, Israel's desalination programs provided
roughly 35% of Israel's drinking water and it is expected to supply 40%
by 2015 and 70% by 2050. As of May 29, 2015 more than 50 percent
of the water for Israeli households, agricu
as early as the 13th century BCE."
Lehman in Vaughn 1992, pp. 15662.[full citation needed]
Gnuse 1997, pp.28,31[title missing]
column 2 line 61 to column 3 line 49 Archived 28 October 2014 at
the Wayback Machine.
"British Museum Cuneiform tablet with
Main article: List of Israeli museums
Shrine of the Book, repository of the Dead Sea Scrolls in Jerusalem
The Israel Museum in Jerusalem is one of Israel's most important
cultural institutions and houses the Dead Sea scrolls, along with
Field of Anemone coronaria, national flower of Israel
Ramon Crater, a unique type of crater that can be found only in
Israel and the Sinai peninsula
Snow in Galilee
Flowers of Israel
Main articles: Demographics of Israel, Israelis, and List
investments. The Bank of Israel was ranked first among central banks
for its efficient functioning, up from 8th place in 2009. Israel was also
ranked as the worldwide leader in its supply of skilled manpower.
The Bank of Israel holds $78 billion
programme run by 14 Israeli organizations and North American Jewish
Sherut Leumi, or national service, which involves a program of service
in hospitals, schools and other social welfare frameworks. As a result
of its conscription program, the IDF mai
included in the European Union's European Neighbourhood Policy
Israeli foreign aid ranks very low among OECD nations, spending less
than 0.1% of its GNI on foreign aid, as opposed to the recommended
0.7%. Individual international charitable donations are
Israel map of Kppen climate classification.
Temperatures in Israel vary widely, especially during the winter. Coastal
areas, such as those of Tel Aviv and Haifa, have a typical Mediterranean
climate with cool, rainy winters and long, hot summers.
Awards in 2006. Israel hosts an annual Water Technology Exhibition and
Conference (WaTec) that attracts thousands of people from across
Main article: Transport in Israel
Reception hall at Ben Gurion Airport
Israel has 18,096 kilometers (11,244 mi) of pave
instruction. Education is compulsory in Israel for children between
the ages of three and eighteen. Schooling is divided into three
tiers primary school (grades 16), middle school (grades 79), and
high school (grades 1012) culminating with
addition, Gaza was dependent upon Israel for water electricity sewage
communication networks and for its trade (Gisha 2007. Dowty 2008). ln
other words, while Israel maintained that its occupation of Gaza ended
with its unilateral disengagement Palestinia
published in Israel must be deposited in the National Library of Israel at
the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. In 2001, the law was amended to
include audio and video recordings, and other non-print media. In
2013, 91 percent of the 7,863 books trans
Israel is at the eastern end of the Mediterranean Sea, bounded by
Lebanon to the north, Syria to the northeast, Jordan and the West Bank
to the east, and Egypt and the Gaza Strip to the southwest. It lies
between latitudes 29 and 34 N, and longitudes 3