investments. The Bank of Israel was ranked first among central banks
for its efficient functioning, up from 8th place in 2009. Israel was also
ranked as the worldwide leader in its supply of skilled manpower.
The Bank of Israel holds $78 billion
programme run by 14 Israeli organizations and North American Jewish
Sherut Leumi, or national service, which involves a program of service
in hospitals, schools and other social welfare frameworks. As a result
of its conscription program, the IDF mai
languages, such as English. By law, two copies of all printed matter
which has been in operation for over seventy years and today performs
more than two hundred concerts each year. Israel has also produced
many musicians of note, some achieving inter
included in the European Union's European Neighbourhood Policy
Israeli foreign aid ranks very low among OECD nations, spending less
than 0.1% of its GNI on foreign aid, as opposed to the recommended
0.7%. Individual international charitable donations are
Israel map of Kppen climate classification.
Temperatures in Israel vary widely, especially during the winter. Coastal
areas, such as those of Tel Aviv and Haifa, have a typical Mediterranean
climate with cool, rainy winters and long, hot summers.
Institute of Science, Technion, Hebrew University, TAU and BIU) and
economics (Hebrew University and TAU). Israel has produced six
Nobel Prize-winning scientists since 2002 and has been
frequently ranked as one of the countries with th
"Average annual wages, 2013 USD PPPs and 2013 constant
prices". Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development,
OECD. 2012. Retrieved 20 February 2015.
"WHO: Life expectancy in Israel among highest in the world".
Haaretz. 24 May 2009.
about 15th in the all-time medal count. The 1968 Summer Paralympics
were hosted by Israel. The Maccabiah Games, an Olympic-style
event for Jewish athletes and Israeli athletes, was inaugurated in the
1930s, and has been held every four years since th
Kumaraswamy, P. R. (5 June 2002). "The Legacy of Undefined
Borders". Tel Aviv Notes. Retrieved 25 March 2013.
Sanger, Andrew (2011). M.N. Schmitt, Louise Arimatsu, Tim
McCormack, eds. "The Contemporary Law of Blockade and the Gaza
Freedom Flotilla". Yea
"Jewish and democratic" creates a strong connection with Judaism, as
well as a conflict between state law and religious law. Interaction
between the political parties keeps the balance between state and
religion largely as it existed during the British Ma
Its mixed neighbourhood of Jews and Ahmadi Arabs is the only one of
its kind in the country.
Main article: Education in Israel
Education in Israel is highly valued in the national culture with its
historical values dating back to Ancie
For statistical purposes, the country is divided into three metropolitan
areas: Tel Aviv metropolitan area (population 3,206,400),
disengagement from Gaza though it continues to maintain control of its
airspace and waters. The UN Security Council has decl
Capital Largest city
Jews Arabs Total note
67% 32% 1,058,000 a
Nazareth 43% 54% 1,380,400
68% 26% 981,300
88% 8% 2,07
(ENP), which aims at bringing the EU and its neighbours closer.
Although Turkey and Israel did not establish full diplomatic relations
until 1991, Turkey has cooperated with the State since its recognition
of Israel in 1949. Turkey's ties to the
Israeli citizenship under the Law of Return. Approximately
76% of Israeli Jews are born in Israel, 16% are immigrants from Europe
and the Americas, and 8% are immigrants from Asia and Africa
(including the Arab World). Jews from Europe
9th Station of the Cross on the Via Dolorosa street in Jerusalem. The
Church of the Holy Sepulchre in the background is venerated by
Christians as the site of the Burial of Jesus.
Making up 16% of the population, Muslims constitute Israel's largest
n one million Russian-speaking immigrants arrived in Israel from the
former Soviet Union states between 1990 and 2004. French is spoken
by around 700,000 Israelis, mostly originating from France and North
Africa (see Maghrebi Jews). English was
diplomatic missions around the world; countries with whom they
have no diplomatic relations include most Muslim countries. Only
three members of the Arab League have normalized relations with
Israel: Egypt and Jordan signed peace treaties in 197
Retrieved 30 July 2015.
"'Basic Law: Jerusalem, Capital of Israel'". Knesset.gov.il.
Retrieved 14 October 2013.
Galnoor, Itzhak. The Partition of Palestine: Decision Crossroads in
the Zionist Movement. SUNY Press, 1995. Retrieved 26 January 2015.
Awards in 2006. Israel hosts an annual Water Technology Exhibition and
Conference (WaTec) that attracts thousands of people from across
Main article: Transport in Israel
Reception hall at Ben Gurion Airport
Israel has 18,096 kilometers (11,244 mi) of pave
instruction. Education is compulsory in Israel for children between
the ages of three and eighteen. Schooling is divided into three
tiers primary school (grades 16), middle school (grades 79), and
high school (grades 1012) culminating with
this position of the international community. For more details of this
terminology dispute, including with respect to the current status of the
Gaza Strip, see International views on the Israeli-occupied territories and
Status of territories captured by I
Tiberias and the Sea of Galilee
registry made up 4.4%. Over the last decade, large numbers of
migrant workers from Romania, Thailand, China, Africa, and South
America have settled in Israel. Exact figures are unknown, as many of
them are living in t
periods of unrest. In response to increasing attacks as part of the Second
Intifada, the Israeli government started to construct the Israeli West Bank
barrier. When completed, approximately 13% of the Barrier will be
constructed on the Green Line or
largest number of plant species per square meter of all the countries in
Tectonics and seismicity
Main article: Geography of Israel Seismic activity
Satellite images of Israel and neighboring territories during the day (left)
Israel has no official religion, but the definition of the state as
members and two ministers (one of which, Israel's justice minister, is the
committee's chairman). The committee's members of the Knesset are
secretly elected by the Knesset
the world. By 2014, Israel's desalination programs provided
roughly 35% of Israel's drinking water and it is expected to supply 40%
by 2015 and 70% by 2050. As of May 29, 2015 more than 50 percent
of the water for Israeli households, agricu
pledged an end to terrorism. In 1994, the IsraelJordan Treaty of
Peace was signed, making Jordan the second Arab country to normalize
relations with Israel. Arab public support for the Accords was
damaged by the continuation of Israeli settlemen
Noah Rayman (29 September 2014). "Mandatory Palestine: What It
Was and Why It Matters". TIME. Retrieved 5 December 2015.
"And the Lord thy God will bring thee into the land which thy
fathers possessed, and thou shalt possess it; and he will do thee good