24 INTRODUCTION TO POLITICAL PSYCHOLOGY
et al. measurement scale, the F scale. Therefore, he argued, they apparently tested only for
right-wing authoritarianism and not left-wing authoritarianism, and therefore their F scale was
not a true measure of au
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Another set of theories that contributes to our understanding of information processing
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22 INTRODUCTION TO POLITICAL PSYCHOLOGY
What Is Content Analysis?
Content analysis is a research method used
frequently by political psychologists, employ-
Some researchers look at the motives of
individuals. There are many motive theo
6 INTRODUCTION TO POLITICAL PSYCHOLOGY
United States. Beginning in 1952, researchers at the University of Michigan began collect-
ing survey data on public opinion and voting preferences. In 1960, with the publication of
The American Voter, by Campbell,
26 INTRODUCTION TO POLITICAL PSYCHOLOGY
Because the literature addressing the impact of personal variables upon political leader
behavior developed over a long process of selective borrowing by political scientists from a
broad range of psychological li
Denition and Patterns of Behavior 191
Nationalism in Nonnation States 194
Causes of Nationalistic Behavior 195
Case Illustrations of Nationalism 197
Nationalism and Perceived Threats to National Values: Western Europe and
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I4 INTRODUCTION TO POLITICAL PSYCHOLOGY
personality. Greenstein (1969) observed that the psychologists usage of the term personality
is comprehensive, subsumes all important psychic regularities, and refers to an inferred en-
tity, rather than to a dire
Al Qaeda, 2367238
Ally image, 44, 45, 52
in Northern Ireland, 200
and empathy, 249
dirty war in 2397241
punishment of perpetrators, 2517252
Assimilation effect, 43
Attitudes, See also Informat
Miller, C. E., & Komorita, S. S. (1986). Changes in outcomes in coalition bargaining. Journal
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42 INTRODUCTION TO POLITICAL PSYCHOLOGY
people understand their world. Knowledge about the environment that people live in is organ-
ized, simplied, and used to mske sense of complex social and physical realities. If we did not
organize and simplify the
20 INTRODUCTION TO POLITICAL PSYCHOLOGY
secondary traits. Cardinal traits are critically important and dominate a persons life. An ex-
ample would be authoritarianism, which is discussed later. Allport believed that cardinal traits
are rare and that mos
Staw, B. M., & Ross, J. (1987). Behavior in escalation situations: Antecedents, prototypes, and
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Staw, B. M., & Ross, J. (1989). Understanding behavior in escalation situations. Sci
30 INTRODUCTION TO POLITICAL PSYCHOLOGY
In contrast, the integrative complexity literature differs alightly from the cognitive com-
plexity literature just discussed, in that it focuses upon both dterentiattan (which is evalua-
tively distinct dimension
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Nunn, C., Crockett, H., & Williams, I. A. (1978). Tolerance for nonconfor
events reecting the impact of political psychology on behavior. Examples include urban
street gangs in the United States, the Tulsa race riot of 1921, the plight of a Kurdish teenager
in Turkey facing jail for speaking in his native language
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making: Woodrow Wilsons operational code. Political Psychology, 16, 6974718.
Walker, S., & Falkowski, L. (1984). The operational codes of US. presi