Chapter 16 Acid/Base Study Reinforcements
Objective: To recognize the acid/ base properties of salts
In an effort to help you recognize the acid/ base properties of salts please visit the website below and work
through the three list of salts. Complete th
Combined Effect of Cation and Anion in Solution - Summarized
An anion that is the conjugate base of a strong acid (e.g. Br-) will NOT affect the pH of the solution.
An anion that is the conjugate base of a weak acid (e.g. CN-) will increase the pH.
Chapter 16 Notes Part 3 Example Problems in PowerPoint
Using Ka to Calculate Percent Ionization
Calculate the percentage of HF molecules ionized in (a) 0.10 M HF solution, (b) a 0.010 M HF solution.
Using pH to Determine the Concentration of a Salt
Enthalpy of Formation
Systems and Surroundings
—The actual chemical reaction that is
—The entire universe outside of the
- Assistance from outside the system is
necessary in order to induce the desired
—Water does not boil at 75°C and latm.
—Water does not freeze at 15°C.
Modes ofNuclear Decay
Conﬁgurations for Nuclear Stability
The nucleus contains:
- Protons (+ charge)
- Neutrons (no charge)
Protons and neutrons and known as nucl
Spontaneous redox reactions
Gibbs Free Energy
Spontaneous Redox Reactions
Egg” = E°,ed(cathode) — E°red(anode)
This formula and the table of standard
reduction potentials ca
Voltaic (Galvanic) Cells
Standard Reduction Potentials
Standard Cell Potentials
Ex) Electric Current (I)
a) How much charge passes through the
cross-section of a wire that is carrying
0.987 A of current for 12