bus and paratransit service in over 200 surrounding suburbs with
some extensions into the city as well. A 2005 study found that one
quarter of commuters used public transit.
to get through the Chicago region as it took to get there from the
Mexican, and 1.6% (300,414) Colombian.
Florida's Hispanic population includes large communities
of Cuban Americans in Miami and Tampa, Puerto Ricans in
Orlando and Tampa, and Mexican/Central American migrant
workers. The Hispanic community c
1. c d
2. add ketchup to your Chicago-style hot
dog: a major
3. , article,
4. September 23, 2014.
5. ^ "Chicago Park Boulevard System
Historic District" map, City of Chicago.
Retrieved March 31, 2016.
6. ^ a b "Biking the Boulevards with Geoffrey
Chicago in their districts.
Machine politics persisted in Chicago after the decline of similar
machines in other large U.S. cities. During much of that time,
the city administration found opposition mainly from a liberal
"independent" faction of the
Greyhound Lines provides inter-city bus service to and from the
city, and Chicago is also the hub for the Midwest network
of Megabus (North America).
Amtrak train on the Empire Builderroute departs Chicago
from Union Station
1. 24, 2016.
2. ^ "Estimates of Resident Population
Change and Rankings: July 1, 2014 to
July 1, 2015 - United States -Metropolitan Statistical Area; and for
Puerto Rico 2015 Population Estimates".
U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division.
1. from the original on February 20, 2007.
Retrieved December 5, 2013.
2. ^ a b Lowe (2000), pp. 121, 129.
3. ^ Cain, Louis P.
(2005). "Annexations". The Electronic
Encyclopedia of Chicago. Chicago
Historical Society. Retrieved2015-12-14.
4. ^ "Chicago: P
less than in many smaller American cities, including New
Orleans, Newark, and Detroit, which had 53 murders per 100,000
residents in 2012.
According to reports in 2013, "most of Chicago's violent crime
comes from gangs trying to maintain control of d
65) considered themselves to be of only American ancestry
(regardless of race or ethnicity). Many of these were of
English or Scotch-Irish descent; however, their families have lived
in the state for so long, that they choose to identify as havi
1. Business. Retrieved 20 April 2016.
2. ^ Heinzmann, David (January 1,
2003). "Chicago falls out of 1st in
murders". Chicago Tribune.
Retrieved October 1, 2014.
3. ^ "Murder rate jumps in 2008". ABC
News. Retrieved May 4,2009.
4. ^ "Chicago's Murder Rate
had decided to seek to control illicit drug distribution, against local
street gangs. Violent crime rates vary significantly by area of
the city, with more economically developed areas having low
rates, but other sections have much higher rates of cr
constitution and discriminatory practices; in the 19th century they
had made up most of the Republican Party. Cramer built a
different Republican Party in Florida, attracting local white
conservatives and transplants from northern and midwestern
List of colleges and universities in Chicago.
The University of Chicago, as seen from the
, The Chicago School of Professional Psychology, the Erikson
Institute, The Institute for Clinical Social Work, the Lutheran
School of Theology at Chicago, the Catho
3. ^ "Chicago Area
Employment" (PDF). Bureau of Labor
Statistics. May 2014.
Retrieved September 23, 2014.
4. ^ "FORTUNE 500 2007: States Illinois".
CNNMoney.com. Retrieved September
5. ^ "The World According to GaWC
include sugarcane, strawberries, tomatoes and celery.
interstate highway, and 9,934 mi (15,987 km) of non-interstate
highway, such as state highways and U.S. Highways.
Florida's interstates, state highways, and U.S. Hig
3. ^ Preliminary Traffic Results for 2005
Show Firm Rebound (March 14,
2006) PDF (520 KB). Airports Council
4. ^ Metsch, Steve. "Top IDOT official says
third airport will be built". Chicago SunTimes. Retrieved June 11, 2013.
(Big Ten Conference) and three from other D1 conferences
the Chicago State Cougars (Western Athletic Conference);
the Loyola Ramblers (Missouri Valley Conference); and the UIC
Flames (Horizon League).
Parks and Greenspace
Main articles: Parks
1848. The canal allowed steamboats and sailing ships on
the Great Lakes to connect to the Mississippi River.
pleted a major engineering feat. It reversed the flow of the
Chicago River so the water flowed away from Lake Michigan
rather than into it
For a more comprehensive list, see Pace provides
for United Airlines, the world's third-largest airline.
Main article: Port of Chicago
The Port of Chicago consists of several major port facilities
within the city of Chicago operated b
1. ^ a b
3. ^ "Best Hospitals in Chicago, IL US
News Best Hospitals".
Health.usnews.com. March 29,
4. ^ "International relations: special
partners". Mairie de Paris. Archived
from the original on 25 December 2008.
Retrieved14 October 2007.
5. ^ "Part
2. ^ Marovich, Robert M. (2015). A City
Called Heaven: Chicago and the Birth of
Gospel Music. Urbana, IL: University of
Illinois Press. p. 7. ISBN 978 0 252
3. ^ Sarah S. Marcus (2005). "Chicago's
Twentieth-Century Cultural Exports". In
1. "Lakeview (Chicago, Illinois)". Chicago
Tribune. RetrievedSeptember 25, 2013.
2. ^ "CPS Teacher Housing: Chicago
Communities". Chicago Public Schools.
Retrieved March 22, 2013.
3. ^ "List of Chicago Neighborhoods Chicago". StreetAdvisor. Retrieved June
Genzen, Jonathan (2007), The Chicago
River: A History in Photographs, Westcliffe
Publishers, Inc, ISBN 978-1-56579-5532,LCCN 2006022119
Granacki, Victoria (2004), Chicago's Polish
Downtown, Arcadia Pub,ISBN 978-0-73853286-8, LCCN 2004103888
municipal harbor system. In addition to ongoing beautification
and renewal projects for the existing parks, a number of new
parks have been added in recent years, such as the Ping Tom
Memorial Park in Chinatown, DuSable Park on the Near North
43 C), which was set on June 29, 1931
in Monticello. The coldest temperature was
2 F (19 C), on February 13, 1899, just
25 miles (40 km) away, in Tallahassee.[citation
Due to its tropical climate, Florida rarely receives snow. However,
on rare oc
1. Gruyter. p. 297.
2. ^ Huizenga, Tom (November 21,
2008). "Chicago Symphony Tops U.S.
Orchestras". NPR. Retrieved December
3. ^ "About the Lithuanian Opera Company,
Inc. in Chicago". Lithuanian Opera Co.
Retrieved September 14, 2006.
4. ^ Lawr
2. ^ Holland, Kevin J. (2001). Classic
American Railroad Terminals. Osceola,
WI: MBI. pp. 66
91. ISBN 9780760308325.OCLC 459089
3. ^ United States. Office of the
Commissioner of Railroads (1883).Report
to the Secretary of the Interior. U.S.
, and ruled that at least eight districts had to be redrawn. On
December 2, 2015, a 5-2 majority of the Court accepted a new
map of congressional districts, some of which was drawn by
challengers. Their ruling affirmed the map previously approved
for the state). In 2015, Florida broke the 100-million visitor
mark for the first time in state history by hosting a record 105
million visitors, the fifth consecutive year that a record was set.
Many beach towns are popular tourist destin
cent. Similarly reflecting generations of migrants from the
Midwest, the population of the west coast of Florida has a
Miami Cathedral of Saint Mary. Roman Catholicism is the largest
single religious denomination in the state.
, and businessmen such as Henry Plant and Henry
Flagler developed railroad systems, which led people to move in,
drawn by the weather and local economies. From then on,
tourism boomed, fueling a cycle of development that
overwhelmed a great deal of farmla
hottest temperature ever recorded in Florida
was 109 F (
States, 83% have either hit Florida or Texas. From 1851 to
2006, Florida was struck by 114 hurricanes, 37 of them major
category 3 and above. It is rare for a hurricane season to pass
Since the 1850s, Chicago has been a world center of higher
education and research with several universities that are in the
city proper or in the immediate environs. These institutions
consistently rank among the top "National Universitie