Chapter 19: Cellular Mechanisms of Development
19.1-The Process of Development-Bina
defined as the process of systematic, gene-directed changes through which an
organism forms the successive stages of its life cycle
Plays a central role in
1 What is the difference between prokaryotic and Eukaryotic cells?
2 Mitochondria is the powerhouse of the cell. Explain it.
3 What is the difference between mtDNA and nDNA?
4 What is nucleus and explain its function.
5 Draw and l
What is non-coding RNAs? What is the function of microRNAs?
What is histone and chromatin?
What is DNA methylation?
What is epigenetics?
Why our DNA isnt our destiny?
What do you mean by epigenetic inhe
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1. What is the difference between covalent bonds and ionic bonds?
2. Living organisms and their environment are subject to basic laws of chemistry
and physics. Explain it.
3. Is water a
Open Questions: Chapter 16 Christian Galvan ID20381795 Roll no. 20
1. DNA is a double-helix molecule. Briefly explain it.
2. What does it mean when we say that the two DNA strands in the double helix are
3. Make a table listing the functions
Chapter 15 Christian Galvan ID 20381795
1 Alterations of chromosome number or structure cause some genetic disorder. Explain it.
2 Sex-linked genes exhibit unique pattern of inheritance. Explain it.
3 Which one of Mendels laws relates to the inheritance o
Christian Galvan ID20381795
1 What are the major functions of membrane proteins or what is TES CIA? Describe one of
2 What is the difference between osmosis and diffusion?
3 What happens to a cell placed in a hypertonic solut
1 What are the different forms of energy? Explain one of them.
2 What is the First Law of Thermodynamics? Briefly explain it.
3 What is the Second Law of Thermodynamics? Briefly explain it.
4 What is ATP? How is it made? What does
Christian Galvan id 203817895
1 Life is work and work is life. Explain it.
2 Draw and label TCA cycle?
3 What is fermentation? Briefly describe alcohol fermentation or lactic acid fermentation.
4 Compare and contract aerobic and an
Open Questions Chapter 13 Christian Galvan ID 20381795
1 What is meiosis? Briefly describe it?
2 What is the difference between mitosis and meiosis?
3 What is the importance of meiosis to a living organism?
4 What is PMAT-I? Briefly describe it?
5 What is
Open Questions Chapter 12
1 What is mitosis? Briefly describe it.
2 What is meiosis? Briefly describe it?
Christian Galvan ID 20381795 ROLL NO 20
3 What is the difference between mitosis and meiosis?
4 What is the importance of mitosis to a living organis
Chapter 17 Christian Galvan ID 20381795 Roll no 20
1 Gene is the molecular unit of heredity. Explain it.
2 What is Central Dogma? How do you explain it?
3 Describe briefly the three stages of transcription.
4 What is ribosome? Briefly describe the three b
1) In eukaryotic cells, chromosomes are composed of _.
C) DNA and proteins
2) What is the final result of mitosis in a human?
A) genetically identical 2n somatic cells
3) Starting with a fertilized egg (zygote), a series of five cell divisions would produ
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1) About twenty-five of the ninety-two natural elements are known to be essential to life. Which
four of these twenty-five elements make up approximately 96 percent of living matter?
A) carbon, sodium
LAB 4 PROCEDURES
1. Obtain 3 vessels of equal size and of the same shape
2. Add the same volume of water to each of the three vessels
3. Incubate vessels with water at the three different temperatures
a. 23C (room temperature)
b. 40C (water bat
Effects of enzyme
The overall purpose of this lab was to study the effect of enzymes on concentrations and how it
acts as an inhibitor. The purpose of the enzymes effect on concentrations
What does water do for animal life?
water in order for their bodies and brains to function properly because without water they will become dehydrated,
malnourished and will ultimately not survive. Most animals actually gain
1) In a single molecule of water, two hydrogen atoms are bonded to a single oxygen atom by _.
A) hydrogen bonds
B) nonpolar covalent bonds
C) polar covalent bonds
D) ionic bonds
2) The partial negative charge at one end of a water molecule is at
Christian Galvan ID 20381795 Roll no. 20
1. How do plant photosynthesis?
The process of photosynthesis require only light energy, carbon dioxide and water
to produce sugar.
Light energy, carbon dioxide and water must be transport
Effect of Enzyme Concentration on Reaction Rate
Low Enzyme Conc
Open Questions Chapter 14 christian galvan id 20381795 roll no 20
1 What is Mendels Law of Segregation? Briefly explain it.
2 What is Mendels Law of Independent Assortment? Briefly explain it.
3 What is the difference between?
Allele: Homozygous vs hetero
Open Question Chapter 4
1. Carbon is the backbone of life. Briefly explain it.
Carbon its the element where every living thing on earth needs it. It can form many different kinds of
bonds and form essential compounds. It forms the four basic molecules for
Euploid Variations- Life cycles may be involved
Changes from diploid state change genetic balance and size of nucleic and cells
Changes from diploid to haploid open organism to deleterious effects of mutation through