The First World War
Series of alliances divide the continent.
a. Triple Alliance (Germany/Austria/Italy) trying to isolate France
b. Triple Entente (England/France/Russia) see Germany as the major threat
c. Austria and Serbia clash over Bosn
FRQs by Year Assigned
1- To what extent and in what ways may the Renaissance be regarded as a turning point in the Western intellectual and
2- Trace the evolution of religious toleration as a political practice and assess the fact
Pragmatic Sanction of Bourges: gave French crown major control over appointment of
bishops, took power away from pope. (p. 441)
Diet of Worms: assembly called by Charles V, who summoned Luther, where he was
declared an outlaw, but Duke Frederick of Saxony
THE GIANT EHAP REVIEW OUTLINE!
By Susanna, Horace Greeley High School
*The Causes of the Renaissance*
- The Middle Ages, which began around 500 AD, finally came to an end around 1450 AD.
- Though the beginning of the Renaissance, which sig
SMART GUYS - THEIR WORKS
CONCEPT OF WRITINGS
He postulated that much of human behavior is
motivated by unconscious emotional needs
Noted for his essays, he expressed
skepticism toward accepted beliefs,
Book of Essays
a. Urban growth has negatively effected city conditions. Cities growing 40-70% per year.
b. People just lived with dirt and dung 3 feet high in courtyards and basements, raw sewage
in the streets.
c. Edwin Chadwick, a Benthamite
Prophets of a Scientific Civilization: Bacon (English) and Descartes (French)
a. Addressed how do we know something?
b. Truth is found through investigation, and experimentation- Scientific Method
c. Bacon- inductive reasoning (from the parti
Italian vs. Northern Renaissance- New era in thought and feeling
a. Italian- center of renaissance, independent city-states
i. Humanism- vastness of human powers
iii. Concerned with money and pleasure
iv. De Medici family of F
T h e Ei g h t e e n t h Ce n t u ry
The Futures so bright Ive got to wear shades
The Enlightenment sweeps Europe (Voltaire, Diderot, John Locke, etc) and
France is the cultural capital of the world.
Neoclassical Art (Da
T h e S e v e n t e e n t h C e n t u ry
c a u se Ea rl h a d t o d i e D i x i e C h i c k s
R eligiou s Tren d s
Big Picture: Brutal Religious Wars break out again, but passions are exhausted by 1650
Religious Wars spread to international l
The Sixteenth Century
You say you want a Revolution
R eligiou s Tren d s
Big Picture: Religious Furor for a century & the destruction of religious unity
Christian (Northern) Humanists begin criticizing church abuses (Erasmus, Thoma
The 15th Century
Dont Call it a Comback!
L.L. Cool J
Recap: the 1300s were disasterous. The plague swept Europe wiping large portions of the population.
Centralized authorities (kings) were weakened (vis-a-vis local authorities). And the Churc
REVOLUTIONS OF 1848 - THE 20THCENTURY
Revolutions of 1848
Jeremy Bentham (1748-1832) British theorist and philosopher who proposed utilitarianism, the
principle that governments should operate on the basis of utility, or the greatest good for t
RENAISSANCE - ROMANTICISM
Benvenuto Cellini-A goldsmith and sculptor who wrote an autobiography, famous for its arrogance and immodest
Condottiere-A mercenary soldier of a political ruler.
Humanism-The recovery and study of classi