Philosophy of Science and Economics: Positivism, Popper, and After
o A Story in Four Parts
The Philosophy of Science Background
a. Positivism (Logical Positivism and Logical Empiricism)
b. The Popperian Tradition
2.Two Mainstreams: Economics and Phil
o Fundamental Questions
What are our cognitive states? (Knowledge, belief, perceptual
How are they related?
What are their objects?
When are they acceptable?
What are our cognitive method
o Trust men and they will be true to you; treat them greatly and they will show
themselves to be great.
Ralph Waldo Emerson
o Leadership Models
Model One: authoritarian, democratic or laissez-faire
Model Two: task vs interpersonal
Alternatives to Power Politics
o The Waning of War
o In recent years, a strong trend toward _ has become evident.
For the world as a whole, the current period is one of the least warlike
ever, with fewer and smaller wars than in the past.
World wars ki
THE NATURE OF INTERNATIONAL LAW
International law is the collection of rules and norms that states and other
actors feel an obligation to obey in their mutual relations and commonly
Conwey W. Henderson, Understanding International
Normative Theories of Ethics
What appropriate principles do we rely on when making moral
There is no consensus among those who study ethics.
A variety of different moral principles and ethical
considerations intertwine and so
Regime Type and Economic Development
o Research Question and Background
Are authoritarian governments better than democracies at promoting
Economic Development and Political Legitimacy Seymour Martin Lipset
Security Studies and International Relations
Security for whom?
o Try to define
What do you perceive as the main security threats?
Make a scale from the most dangerous ones to least dangerous ones.
Conceptualisation of secur
o What is the UN?
an international organization designed to make the enforcement
of international law, security, human rights, economic and social
progress easier for countries around the world
192 member countries
headquarters in New York
Poststructuralism & Deconstruction
o Poststructuralist theory crucially problematizes the reliability or stability of
meaning, placing language in a place where it slides between the signifier (word),
signified (concept) and referent (thing).
Reflectivist and constructivist approaches to international
o Normative theory
o Feminist theory
o Critical theory
o Historical sociology
INTRODUCTION TO INTERNATIONAL POLITICAL ECONOMY
o I. Introduction Conceptual and Analytical Issues
1. What is International Political Economy?
2. What are the issues?
A. Actor behavior
B. System governance
o I. Introduction (contd)