History and Culture of Korea
Located between China and Japan
Continuous cultural and geopolitcal interactions with China and Japan
Korean language is considered language isolate
o Modern Korea
One of the worlds fastest growing economies
Ancient Chinese Civilization
o Dynasties, the Mandate of Heaven, the Silk Road
Four Thousand Years of Civilization
Chinese civilization extends backwards in history in an unbroken chain for
nearly four thousand years. Throughout this time, the Chinese
Hist 123 Course Module 1: East Asia Before 1840
Module Number and
Module 1.1 East Asias
Foundations in Ancient
1. Identify and
describe the major
states and patterns
of state relations in
E. Asia before 1840
2. Name the major
Final Exam Essay Rubric
Did the Student
write the required
number of essays
and respond to the
Met all criteria for a
good rating plus,
Wrote 2 Essays
Wrote fewer than 2
History 123 East Asian Civilizations
Activities & Assessments
Module 0 Introduce Yourself Discussion Board
Module 0 What is East Asia? Essay due
Module 0 Rael & Miller Reading Quiz
Module 1 Reading Qui
1.0 Citation for a single author book1
Author First Name Last Name, Book Title (City: Publisher, Year), page number.
Second appearance of the same book by the same author:
Author Last Name, short title, pa
In the late Qing Dynasty, Chinese people face two main problems. Internally,
the decadent rule of the Qing Dynasty hindered the nationalism and modernization
and the western countries attack the Qing dynasty externally. In this situation, the
awaken of Ch
Korea also Chinas lead in switching to a Confucian bureaucracy but with a
A. The Korean officials were all sons of the Merchant caste, because they were the
ones with the money and time to study.
B. The Korean officials were chosen by lottery
History 123 East Asian Civilizations
Discussion for Module 2 The European
Century in East Asia, 1840-1940
This discussion focuses on the consequences and responses to Western Imperial expansion
in East Asia. Instead of breaking out all the
Who were the Mongols?
o Nomads, pastoralists:
Pastoralism, trade, raiding
Plurality of religious practice
Buddhists, (Nestorian) Christians, Muslims
Idea of a Great Khan
o Mongol Conquest
Civil service: a hot occupation in China
o Why is a governmental position
so attractive in China?
What do we expect from civil servants?
They implement law and regulations faithfully, equally, and strictly.
They not just abide by law, but abide by ru
o Confucianism Terms
-Taoism: a religion native to China, its followers attempt to live according
to the Tao, or the way which they believe governs the universe.
-Daoism: philosophical system developed by Lao-tzu and Chuang-tzu
Xianbei and the Northern Dynasties
o Barfield, Thomas, The Perilous Frontier, Ch. 3, The collapse of Central Order,
o Family, Marriage and Political Power in Sixth Century China: A Study of the Kao
Family of the Northern Chi, c.520-550, in H
o Three forms of Shinto historically:
o Shinto: the Indigenous Religion of Japanese People (1)
The indigenous religion of the Japanese people, enshrouded in the
ancient past, inv
Sui, Tang, Song & The Mongols
o Sui Dynasty
Han dynasty fell in 220AD
Civil war until 581AD.
o Three Kingdoms Period
No trading between the east and the west.
o What is legalism?
? The Three Kingdoms 220280 Wei, Shu & Wu Adventures, Misadventures,
and Missed Adventures
o Political and Cultural Legitimacy
Is cleverness alone enough to establish ones kingdom?
Water can carry a boat; but it can also capsize a boat; ?, ?
Ancient Roots of Taoism
ECOLOGY AND SOCIETY IN EARLY CHINA
Climactic extremes (hot summers, freezing winters, regular floods)
Relative isolation (bounded by Pacific, Himalayas, deserts)
Qin & Han Dynasties
o 202 B.C.E.220 C.E.
Qin Dynasty laid foundation for Han
Standardized but corrupt!
o Qin & Han unify China
Establish centralized empire
Therefore Imperial system
o Qin Emperor Qin Shih Huangdi standardizes all possible:
The Printing Press
o The physical
embodiment of words
Who controls the production and use of words? On what scale?
What purposes do they make words serve?
What social changes are facilitated? What tensions or contradictions are
Buddhism Comes to China
o WHAT THE BUDDHA TAUGHT
Buddha (awakened one) = Shakyamuni Gautama Siddartha, Hindu
reformer in north India, c. 500s-400s BCE
Inherited an ancient Hindu worldview:
Cyclical existence of endless rebirth (samsara)
History 123 Final Exam
Part II Primary Source Essays (70%)
Read through the following excerpts and choose two primary sources
to write about. You may write about any combination of documents or