Bronfenbrenners Ecological Systems Theory
o Urie Bronfenbrenner
Born in Russia
Immigrated to the US at age 6
Enlisted in the US army immediately after completing his PhD
Co-founder of the Head Start program
Designed to serve at-risk nursery students
o Theories of Language Development
Three Domains of Language Development: Syntax, Semantics, &
Three Theories of Language Development
What is Social Cognition?
o It is the ability to understand why people act the way they do.
o Includes an awareness that others behaviour is driven by internal states: beliefs,
desires, intentions, emotions.
o The cognitive processes that support childre
Developmental Milestones-An overview
Development is continuous from conception to maturity and its sequence
is the same in all children,though its rate varies from one child to another
Children develop from b
Erik Erikson: The Life-Span Approach
o Psychosocial Stages of Personality Development
o 8 successive stages over the lifespan
o Addresses bio, social, situational, personal influences
o Crisis: must adaptively or maladaptively cope with task in each deve
o Definition of Attachment
An enduring emotional tie to a special person, characterized by a
tendency to seek and maintain closeness, especially during times of
o Roots of Attachment Theory
John Bowlby applied ethology to infa
o Article 12 of the Kyoto Protocol under the UNFCCC
o The purpose of the CDM shall be to assist non-Annex I Parties in achieving
sustainable development and in contributing to the ultimate objective of the
Convention, and to assist Annex I Par
o Motor learning is an academic discipline seeking to understand how people learn
motor skills, movements that have a specific goal, and how that learning can be
facilitated (Magill, 2006).
o Motor control
Motor control is the study of th
o Born same year as Piaget
o but into a different world.
o Inspired by Marxism.
Socialism collectivism; cooperation; support.
o Knowledge/skills must be shared.
cognition is shared
o Vygotskys Sociocultural Theory
Cognitive development depend
CSEFEL Definition of Social Emotional Development
o Developing the capacity of young children to form close and secure adult and
o Experience, regulate, and express emotions in socially and culturally appropriate
o Explore t
Skinner championed radical behaviorism, which places primary emphasis
on the effects of environment on behavior. Skinner was also a
determinist; he did not believe that humans had free choice. He
acknowledged that feelings
Definitions of Growth and Development
Increase in physical size of a whole or any of its parts, or an increase in
number and size of cells: Growth can be measured
A continuous, orderly series of conditions that leads to activities
Piagets Psychological Development
o Piaget (1896 - 1980)
Swiss Psychologist, worked for
several decades on understanding
childrens cognitive development
Most widely known theory of cognitive
Was intrigued by kids thoughts & behavior, &