Older Adulthood: Physical and Cognitive Development
Older adulthood begins in the early 60s for most people, and for some it may last 40
years or more. In some societies, older adults are looked up to and respected, but in
Young Adulthood: Personality and Sociocultural
Self, family, and work
When studying adult development we need to look at three separate but interacting
systems that focus on different aspects of the self:
The personal self,
Adolescence: Physical and Cognitive Development
In the U.S., adolescence often covers a decade or more, and the beginning and ending of
this life stage is often ambiguous (hard to determine).
The best indicator of adulthood might b
Middle Adulthood: Physical and Cognitive Development
Typically we say middle adulthood covers the ages of 40-60 or 65, but like adolescence
and young adulthood, where it begins and ends depends on the individual.
This stage may
Death and Dying
Physically, death is the irrevocable stopping of life functions; its natural, and its as
much a part of development as living.
Psychologically, it has intense personal meaning to the dying person and his or her
Older Adulthood: Personality and Sociocultural
Status passages are the changes in role and social position that accompany ones journey
throughout the lifespan. In many transitions, such as child to adolescent, adolescen
Middle Adulthood: Personality and Sociocultural
Middle age, seen as 40-60 or 65, is often a time of reflection, and reflections take place
within the context of three interconnecting worlds: self, family, and work.
Young Adulthood: Physical and Cognitive Development
Development does continue throughout life, but the development of an adult is different
than that of a child.
Changes in adults are not caused by chronological age or biological c
Middle Childhood: Personality and Sociocultural
Childrens social worlds expand in middle childhood.
Social cognition, understanding social relationships and events, is central to
understanding development of children at
Adolescence: Personality and Sociocultural Development
Adolescence serves as a bridge between childhood and adulthood, an important
transition in life.
In industrial societies, adolescence is often an extended period from puberty
Early Childhood: Personality and Sociocultural
This chapter looks at how children develop their abilities to relate to others, develop their
self concepts, and how family dynamics influence developmental processes and
Infants and Toddlers: Personality and Sociocultural
Personality includes ones characteristic beliefs, attitudes, and ways of
interacting with others.
Newborns are unaware of their relationships with others. They have no
Heredity and Environment
As soon as a sperm and egg unite during conception, the basic hereditary
instructions are laid out in our genes, which we inherit from our parents.
See Combinations of Genes, p. 39-40: Combinations of gene p
Introduction to Human Development
Introduction to Development
The Nature of Human Development
Theoretical Frameworks for Human Development
The Scientific Approach to the Study of Human Development
Prenatal Development and Childbirth Pregnancy
In the United States, about 50% of all pregnancies are unintended.
About 66% of all teenage pregnancies are unintentional, though the teenage pregnancy
rate dropped in the 1990s.
Why do you think
Early Childhood Physical, Cognitive, and Language
At age 2, children still look like babies, with chubby bodies, large heads, and
short limbs. By the time theyre 6, body proportions have changed. Their bodies are
Infancy and Toddlerhood: Physical, Cognitive, and
Children develop faster during the first 2 years than any other time in life.
The development of language is key to cognitive development at this time.
Middle Childhood: Physical and Cognitive Development
Middle childhood is generally considered to encompass ages 6-12. (for your papers 7-12)
Gradual regular growth of a child continues until about age 9 for girls and 11 for boys