Fluid and Electrolyte Balance
Distribution of body fluids
Composition of body fluids
milliequivalents per liter
Movement of body fluids
The Musculoskeletal System
Chapters 7 & 8
1. Functions of the skeletal system:
Support: provides internal framework for the body
Protection: protects soft tissues located inside body cavities
Movement: muscles contract and shorten, pulling on bones causin
UNIT 3: THE INTEGUMENTARY SYSTEM (THE SKIN)
Match the terms associated with the integumentary system to their definitions.
Distinguish among characteristics of the layers of the skin.
Chap. 39 Objectives
1. List at least 10 nursing measures that help prevent accidents.
Keep floors dry and clean to prevent falls
Double lock medicine carts
Get assistance to move and/or walk patients
Chapter 46 Objectives
1. identify the measurements that constitute vital signs. State why they are known as vital signs. Describe
the relationships among the vital signs.
Temperature, pulse, respirations, and blood pressure are co
Mrs. Getter Unit 2 Test
Know crutch gait.
pg. 632. 2-point gait; the client is partially weight bearing on both legs.
4-point gait; each crutch and each leg move separately. Swing- through
gait; client stands on string leg, moves both crutches at the s
Unit 2 objectives
Chapter 41 Objective
1. Describe basic procedures of Standard Precautions; state why they are important.
Standard precautions call for you to treat every patient as if they were infected. You
must wash your hands, wear glo
Unit 2 Part 2 Review
Most commonly used descriptive terms, abbreviations, definitions and acronyms
can all be found here: https:/quizlet.com/152507019/unit-2-part-2-abbreviationsflash-cards/
Admissions to a healthcare facility means the
Unit 4 review
1. Know all terms and acronyms for chapter 46 & 47; can be found here
https:/quizlet.com/156588416/chapter-46-vital-signs-flash-cards/?new and here
2. Graphic record: a flow sheet used to easily document large am
Chapter 46 Vocabulary
Chap 46 Terms
1. Apical pulse- pulse normally hard at the hearts apex, which usually gives the most
accurate assessment of pulse rate.
2. Apical-radial pulse- reading done by measuring both the apical and radial pulses
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Accredited by the National Commission on Collegiate Nursing Education and by the M
Cells and Tissue Review
Three main parts of the cell are 1. Plasma Membrane 2. Cytoplasm and 3. Nucleus
Two layers of phospholipids form a fluid framework for the plasma membrane.
Cholesterol is also a component of the plasma membrane.
September 20, 2016
Chapter 52 Objectives
1. Explain the purpose of monitoring a clients fluid intake and output (I&O). Describe and
demonstrate how to keep accurate I&O records.
Fluid I&O that is significantly out of balance because of illn
Ros pg. 1226 # 1 & 5
1) Laboratory test monitor the condition of bones and muscles. CBC, Uric acid, Calcium,
Phosphorus levels indicate the overall condition of the musculoskeletal system. ESR, RF, CK test
show inflammation relate
Ros pg. 1283
2) fasting plasma glucose the amount of glucose present in the blood when the client has been fasting
for the prescribed length of time (6-8 hours).
oral glucose tolerance test timed test used to confirm the dia
Chapter 51 Terms
1. Anuria: complete suppression of urine secretion in the kidney.
2. Calculi: kidney stone, an abnormal concretion usually composed of mineral salts, occurring in the
hollow body organs.
3. Constipation: difficult or infrequent and harden
Unit 5 Terms
Chapter 44 Terms
1. Aphasia: an abnormal neurologic condition in which a person is
unable to express oneself through speech or writing.
2. Assertiveness: confidence without aggression or passivity.
3. Body language: impressions
Unit 4 Terminology
Chapter 10 Terms
1. Bonding: the development of a close emotional tie, as between parent
2. Cephalocaudal: literally, head to toe. Denotes development
progression in infants.
3. Cognitive: in
February 21, 2017
Ros pg. 1374 #s: 1 & 5
1) Types of cancer cells:
Carcinomas solid tumor develops from epithelial tissues that line skin, gland, GI, urinary, and
Sarcomas develop from connective or supportive tissues, su
CHAPTER 2 pg. 10
4. Differentiate between permissive and mandatory licensure.
Permissive licensure is practicing nursing without a license which is very uncommon in todays
time. Mandatory licensure is set up by
Physiology of Pain
Processes of Pain:
Types of Pain
Protective, short duration, has an
identifiable cause; resolved with or
Loss, Grief, Dying
Birth, loss, and
death are universal
the absence of an
object, person, body
part or function, or
emotion that was
Sources of Loss
Loss of an aspect of oneself-a body
Diagnostic Testing Commonly Done Prior to Surgery
1. Urinalysis (UA) This test assists in diagnosing systemic as well as
localized infections within the urinary tract. Normal values: Spec. gravity
(1.010-1.025), color (Clear), glucose, ke
Beverly E. Skipper,
Mrs. Jones, who is 38 years old, is scheduled
for a breast biopsy. Her mother and sister
have a history of breast cancer. They are both
currently in remission and are in their sixth
The Older Adult
2. Attitudinal Isolation
3. Behavioral Isolation
5. Geographical Isolation
7. Presbycusis and Presbyopia
8. Presentational Isolation
HUMAN VALUES, CULTURE,
SELF CONCEPT, SEXUALITY
WHAT IS A VALUE?
A principal or standard that has significant or
worth to an individual, family, group, or
Personal belief about the worth of an idea,
Stephanie Stevens MSN,RN,CNE
Routes of Administration
Most preferred route
Given by mouth (po)
and swallowed with
Has a slower onset of
action and a more
Denise T. Bynum, RN, MSN, Instructor
Body regularly produces and excretes
acids and bases
Balance exists when rate body produces
acids/bases = rate acids/bases excreted
Balance = stable concentration H+ in body
FACTORS AFFECTING LEARNING
Factors that Enhance Learning
Cognitive and physical ability
Health and cultural beliefs
Age/ educational levelappropriate methods
Barriers to Learning
Fear, anxiety, depression
In the interest of time limitations on this lecture, this outline is being
provided to supplement the material presented in class.
Please use this outline as a supplemental guide to the Postoperative
Lecture. The content for postoper