Brain and Cranial Nerves Read 13.2, 13.3, 13.4, 13.5, 13.6, 13.8
1. Describe the major components of the brainstem (medulla oblongata, pons, midbrain,
reticular formation). List the general functions of each.
2. List the major regions o
What are the fluid compartments of the body? intercellular and extracellular
- All fluid that surround the organ
Maintain of these fluids balances is by secreting the fluid extracellular
fluid balance maintained as long as water intake is eq
What is a Nephron? Structural and functional units that form urine.
How many nephrons are their per kidney? ~1 Million.
What are the two main parts of a Nephron? Glomerulus, and Renal Tubule.
What is a Glomerulus? Part of a Nephron, that is a tuft of capi
Describe the general function(s) of the digestive system - primary route for intake of water,
nutrients (CHO, proteins, lipids, nucleic acids, minerals, vitamins) required for cellular
- Principle route for deliver of meds and drugs
route for e
ccessory structures Eyelids, eyelashes, eyebrows, lacrimal apparatus, extrinsic eye muscles
Eyebrows protect against foreign objects, perspiration
palpebrae another name for eye lid
Eyelid shade eyes during sleep
protect from light and foreign objects
Sex Determination in Humans is determined by _ presence or absence of a Y chromosome
What are chromosomes composed of? DNA and Proteins
normal somatic cells have _ chromosomes or _ pairs of chromosomes. 46 or 23 pairs
Of the 23 pairs of chromosomes, how m
alimentary canal digestive tract consisting of a tube running between the mouth and the anus
salivary glands three pairs of exocrine glands in the mouth that secrete saliva; the parotid,
submandibular (submaxillary), and sublingual glands
Autonomic Nervous System (ANS) maintains homeostasis, directs the activities of cardiac
muscle, smooth muscle and glands.
somatic nervous system effectors Skeletal muscle
Autonomic nervous system effectors Cardiac muscle, smooth muscle, glands
Chapter 11 (part 1) Read 11.1, 11.2, 11.3, 11.4
1. Describe the general functions of the nervous system
2. Define CNS and PNS
3. Describe the two subcategories of the PNS and the two subcategories of the motor
4. Describe the
Spinal Cord Read 12.1, 12.2, 12.3
1. Describe the general structure of the spinal cord.
2. Name the meninges and their related spaces surrounding the spinal cord.
3. Identify the parts of the spinal cord cross-section (dorsal and ventra
Chapter 24 Digestive System
Read 24.1, 24.2, 24.3, 24.5, 24.6, 24.7, 24.8, 24.9, 24.20, 24.11, 24.12, 24.13
1. List and describe the functions of the digestive system.
2. Distinguish between mechanical processing and chemical digestion.
1. Distinguish between upper and lower motor neurons
2. State the location of the primary motor cortex.
3. List the tracts and their functions for both the direct and indirect motor pathways.
4. Describe the role
Chapters 17 and 18 Endocrine System
Read 17.1, 17.2, 17.3, 17.4, 18.1, 18.2, 18.3, 18.4, 18.5, 18.6, 18.10
1. Define endocrine gland and hormone.
2. Contrast the endocrine system and the nervous system.
3. Name and describe the 4 types
Autonomic Nervous System
Read 16.1, 16.2, 16.3, 16.4
1. Contrast the somatic nervous system and the ANS .
2. Define preganglionic neuroun, post ganglionic neuron, and autonomic ganglia.
3. List and describe the three neural pathways asso
Read 27.1, 27.2, 27.4, 27.5
1. Define intracellular fluid and extracellular fluid.
2. List the mechanisms of water intake and water loss.
3. What are the primary organs that regulate the composition and volume of body fluids?
dChapter 15: The Special Senses
Read 15.1, 15.2, 15.3, 15.4
1. Describe the olfactory organ.
2. Describe the process of stimulation of olfaction.
3. Describe the structure of the taste bud. Distinguish between a taste bud and papilla.
Chapter 11 Functional Organization of Nervous Tissue Part 2
Read 11.5, 11.6,
1. Describe the concentration differences for Na+ and K+ that exist across the plasma
2. List and describe the different types of pla
somatic motor system motor pathways of SNS skeletal muscle control
Visceral motor system motor pathways of ANS control of other tissue types
organization of the somatic motor pathways upper motor neurons
lower motor neurons
upper motor n