Unit 12
Integumentary system
(Skin, hair & nails)
Functions of the skin
Waterproofs the body
Is site for receptors for sense of touch
Is site for synthesis of vitamin D
Acts as an auxiliary to the urinary tract for
excretion of liquid waste, including ure
Unit 1 Terms Paragraph
During a routine check-up, the doctor discovered signs of breast cancer in the form of lumps in the
patients breasts. The patient described experiencing exhaustion, soreness, chronic headaches, and
other symptoms relating to breast
Emily Ashbrook
Unit 1 Practice Terms
The prefix arthr- means joins, and the suffix it is mean inflammation, so arthritis is inflammation of a
joint.
The prefix oste- means bones, and the suffix it is means inflammation, so osteitis means inflammation
of t
Unit 3 Terms
An amputation is the removal of a limb.
The word appendicular is used when referring to things having to do with appendages.
A fixed or moveable joint between bones is called an articulation.
A joint that is immovable is a suture.
An articula
SECTION 1
NUMBER SYSTEMS
The Casio fx 260 solar calculator will be the only calculator used for MLS 203. It can be purchased at Office
Depot for approximately $9.50 plus tax.
1. Number systems
Arabic numerals
Based on a system of 10
2. Positional in natu
Exponents
1. Exponents - are used in indicate that the number is being multiplied by itself as many times as is
indicated in the exponent.
2. Base number to be multiplies
3. Power Small superior digits written directly to the right of the base used to ind
SECTION 2:
FRACTIONS, DECIMALS and PERCENTAGES
Use of the Casio fx-260 solar calculator for solving math problems (provided by the MLS Department)
1. Fractions The division of a value into any number of equal parts
2. Common Fractions are written in two p
the metric prefixes table
prefi
x
symbo factor decimal number
l
s
short
scale*
long scale*
(UK/US etc)
(Europe exc
UK)
101
10
ten
ten
hecto h
102
100
hundred
hundred
kilo
103
1,000
thousand
thousand
mega M
106
1,000,000
million
million
giga
G
109
1,000,00
Mathematics
O R D E R O F C A L C U L AT I O N S
O R D E R O F O P E R AT I O N S
RECIPROCALS
SIGNIFICANT FIGURES
Order of Calculations
Order when there are no parenthesis
Multiply and Divide from left to right
Add and Subtract
Example:
3x4+682+1x3
(3 x 4
Dilutions
C O M PA R I S O N B E T W E E N R AT I O S A N D D I LU T I O N S
Dilutions
Definition a dilution is described as the number of
parts of the material being diluted in the total
number of parts of final product.
Dilution = a weakened solution
Co
Repeated Dilutions
T O TA L V O LU M E
T U B E D I LU T I O N
S O L U T I O N D I LU T I O N
S U B S TA N C E C O N C E N T R AT I O N
A M O U N T O F O R I G I N A L S O LU T I O N
D I LU T I O N S E R I E S
D E P E N D E N T D I LU T I O N
D I LU T I O
MLS 203
Clinical Laboratory Calculations
PROFESSOR: DR. MARGOT HALL
FA L L 2 0 1 3
LECTURE SERIES
Number Systems
Arabic numerals
Based on a system of 10
Positional in nature (position relative to the
decimal
point).
Example: 9834.605
with numbers to th
Exponents
P O S I T I V E A N D N E G AT I V E E X P O N E N T S
R UL ES A N D EXAM P L ES
Exponents
Exponents - are used in indicate that the
number is being multiplied by itself as many
times as is
indicated in the exponent.
Base number to be multipli
Graphs and Standard
Curves
GRAPHS
VA R I A B L E S
C URV ES
X AXIS
Y AXIS
Z AXIS
Graphs and Standard Curves
Terms to know:
Graph - grids of lines used to show a relationship between
properties
Variables pared values of coordinate pairs which produce
point
Logarithms
COMMON LOGARITHMS TO BASE 10
Logarithms
Have 2 parts: Characteristic and mantissa written as
2. 5638
Characteristic mantissa
Determine the characteristics
Numbers 1 (characteristic = 0 or positive number.)
Real No.
Real No. Exponent Characteris
pH
H E N D E R S O N H A S S E L B A L C H E Q U AT I O N
pH
Henderson Hasselbalch Equation
pH = pka + log [base]
[acid]
What is the pH of the patients urine if he has the following lab values?
[H2P04] = 15 mEg/L Answer: pH = pka + log [base]
[HPo4] = 28
MLS 203
Clinical Laboratory Calculations
FRACTIONS
DECIMALS
PERCENTAGES
Fractions
Fractions The division of a value into any number of
equal
parts
Common Fractions are written in two parts
(Example: a_ ) a = numerator
b b = denominator
Numerator specifies
Colorimetry/Spectrophotometry
DIRECT COLORIMETRY
B E E R S L AW
U S I N G T R A N S M I T TA N C E
R E L AT I O N S H I P B E T W E E N A B S O R B A N C E & % T
A B S O R B A N C E A N D I T S R E L AT I O N S H I P T O M O L A R
ABSORPTIVITY
Direct Colo
Chemical Safety
Part 2
Terms for part 2
chemical hygiene plan
hazard communication standards
hazardous material identification system (HMIS)
labels (HMIS)
radioactive
standard operating procedures (SOP)
Hazardous
material
identification
system
(HMIS)
Haza
Biohazards
Part 1
Terms
biohazard
biological safety cabinet
(BSC)
blood
blood-borne
Centers for Disease
Control and Prevention
(CDC)
contamination
containment
fluids
high efficiency
particulate air (HEPA)
infectious
isolation
necropsy
pathoge
Chemical Safety
Part 1
Terms for part 1
carcinogen
caustic
combustible
corrosive
decompose
exothermic
flammable
flash point
fume hood
labels (NFPA)
mutagen
oxidation
oxidizing agent
pictograms
poison
Solvent
teratogen
toxicity
water reactive
Chemical Safe
Radiation safety
Part 2
Terms definitions and use
carbon dating
centiSieverts per hour
(cSv).
clean-up
dosimeter
purpose
types
Geiger counter
isotopes
lead shields
nuclear power plants
ozone layer
resource personnel
radiation, gamma
radiation, io
Biohazard Safety
Part 2
Terms
aerosols
autoclave
biological safety cabinet
(BSC)
biosafety level (BSL)
CaviCide
CD4 lymphocytes
cirrhosis
fecal-oral route
lethal
If there are terms on
this list with which you
are not familiar and
have not been
e
Unit 8
Disaster, Departmental Policies, and
Student Health Policy
Department of Medical Technology
Department is located on the 3rd floor of Chain
Technology (TEC) Building, across the street from
Johnson Science Tower.
Departmental offices are located
FIRE SAFETY
Part 1
Requirements for fire: fire pyramid
Source of ignition
Oxygen
Fuel
Terms
combustibles
fire doors
fire sprinkler system
Kevlar
National Fire Protection Association (NFPA)
Occupational Safety and Health Administration
(OSHA)
PASS
Teflon
THE UNIVERSITY OF SOUTHERN MISSISSIPPI
DEPARTMENT OF MEDICAL TECHNOLOGY
Laboratory
Safety
Manual
Updated 7/20/2010
DEPARTMENT OF MEDICAL TECHNOLOGY
Laboratory Safety Manual
The University of Southern Mississippi
Department of Medical Technology
USM Box 51
General Safety Rules for a
Laboratory Setting
General safety unit
Important terms
Biohazard
Carcinogen
Infectious agent
Personal protective equipment (PPE)
Radiation
Standard operating procedures (SOP)
Teratogen
Toxin
General Safety Rules:
Personal Protec