Lecture #35 Renaissance Thought
a. Overlaps with the period of decline of the Middle Ages. 1350-1550 AD.
Comparison to Medieval Thought
a. Renaissance means a rebirth, or a reemergence of the views of the ancient Greeks and
Lecture #18 The Origins of Christianity
a. Jesus Christ (1-33AD) - entered the world as a humble carpenter; Savior of the Jews;
new set of dating (AD) begins with his birth.
b. AD-the year of our Lord, begins with the birth of Jesus Christ
Lecture #33 The High Middle Ages
a. Made of the upper class and those who fight in European society.
b. No longer engaged in as many fights; they had much less of a role to play in the
c. 3 qualities of chivalry:
Lecture #30 Early France
a. Charlemagne (reign, 768-814 AD)- Charlemagne was the leader of the Frankish
Kingdom in the late 700s AD. He is important because the country of France comes
out of the land ruled by Charlemagne.
Lecture #25 Origins of the Middle Ages (500-1350 AD)
a. Middle Ages=Dark Ages
Roman and German Institutions
a. Germans- Germanic tribes
a. German tribes become Christians as more and more contact is made.
Lecture #23 Mohammed and the Origins of Islam
a. Islam- means the act of surrendering oneself to God, submission to God
b. Muslim- a person who follows the religion of Islam
c. There is no god but Allah, and Muhammad is his prophet.
Lecture #28 The Crusades
First Crusade (1095-1099 AD)
a. 1095 AD
b. Turks- 11th century AD the Holy Land fell to the Turks from the Arabs. They were
nomads and fierce warriors from central Asia and were converted Muslims. This is
August 21, 2013
The Origins of Civilization
1) First Civilization
a.i) History is the study of humans after they learned how to write.
a.ii)Anthropology and Archeology are the studies of humans before they learned how to
Lecture #22: The Byzantine Empire
2. The Byzantine Empire
a. Capital: Constantinople
b. Still considered themselves part of the Roman Empire (Eastern half)
c. Spoke Greek
d. 2 major occasions the Empire shrunk:
d.i. 7th century AD: Arabs f
Lecture #19 The Expansion of Christianity (Part I)
a. 2 questions:
a.i. What should Christians believe?
a.ii. Who tells Christians what they believe?
The Church to 70 AD
a. Presbyteroi- counsel of 70 elders who were to be leaders of th