Chapter 0 reading quiz question 3
1) Which of the Earth's four "spheres" is the largest? Geosphere
Chapter 0 reading quiz question 4
2) The principal divisions of Earth listed progressively from surface towards the center are _.
Crust, mantle, and
1) Which of the Earths four spheres is the largest?
2) The principal divisions of Earth listed progressively from surface towards the center are?
a. Crust, mantle, and core
3) What is the difference between the lithosphere and the asthe
1) Which of the following correctly describes the Atlantic and Pacific continental margins?
a. The Atlantic is a passive margin, and the Pacific is an active margin.
2) Choose the true statement regarding the continental shelf.
a. The shelf represen
1) A _ is defined as a chain of glacial lakes where each lake flows into the next.
a. Pater noster lake
2) What glacial feature is circled in Figure 1?
3) What glacial feature is circled in Figure 2?
4) What is the best way to descri
1) Which represents the correct sequence from oldest to most recent or current eras on the
Geologic Time Scale?
a. Paleozoic, Mesozoic, Cenozoic
2) Which eon translates to visible life from the Greek?
3) Which is the shortest interval
1) In the middle latitudes during the summer, cirrus clouds are composed of which form of water?
a. ice crystals
2) In which cloud type might you expect to find a co-existing mixture of ice crystals and
3) In which
1) Over which of the following states is a center of high pressure located?
a. New Mexico
2) What is the prevailing wind direction over Delhi during January?
3) Which of the following is true regarding sea level pressure and winds over
Folds and Faults
Rocks responding to stress- bend or break
Plastic (Break) deformation
Conditions for it
Geologic structures: what happens when these rocks are induced to this stress
Fold- squiggly line
Ogallala Aquifer largest aquifer in the world
in the Midwest around the breadbasket of America
reduction in the quality of water by the introduction of impurities
point source- specific site
non-point source- broad area
Types of pollutants
Rivers and Streams
The hydrologic cycle/the water cycle
Infiltration into groundwater
Transpiration trees and plants return leaves of of their leaf surfaces
Water cycle moves energy around
The water cycle and energy
What is the difference between mechanical and chemical weathering
Mechanical- breaking apart physically. How to tell? Big rocks look the same as little rocks.
Thermal Expansion and Contraction
Pressure Relief Fractu
Earth Science Test 2
Relative vs. Absolute Time
Relative time is putting events in order without looking at time. Ex: a b c
Absolute time is age in years. Ex: A(24mil) B(10mil) C(5mil)
Relative Geographic Time: flat layers change over time
Layers must beg
Earth Science Notes
Day 1 Test 1
Earth Science- Study of the world around us
This includes geology, oceanography, paleontology, meteorology,
climatology, hydrology, and astronomy
Nebular Hypothesis- Formation of the solar system
The solar system- was f
1% Everything else
Carbon dioxide is smol
Water and dust is in here too
Gas molecules bounce randomly creating force in all directions
Gas also has mass the force of gravity acts on g
1. The weather is simply the state of the atmosphere at a given time and place.
2. The basic elements of climate and weather are air temperature, humidity, type
and amount of cloudiness, type and amount of precipitation, air pressure, and the
1. What is the geocentric view of the universe and how does it differ
from the heliocentric views?
The geocentric view of the universe states that, Earth was a
sphere that remained motionless at the center of the universe. Orbiting
Earth were t
1. An earthquake is a natural geologic phenomenon caused by the sudden and rapid
movement of a large volume of rock.
2. The main types of earthquake waves are surface waves and body waves (S waves
and P waves).
3. The principal earthquake zones
1. The theory of plate tectonics is the belief that the uppermost mantle and the
overlying crust behave as a strong, rigid layer, known as the lithosphere,
which is broken into segments commonly referred to as plat
1. Minerals are naturally occurring inorganic solids that possess an orderly
crystalline structure and can be represented by a chemical formula. They are
different from rocks in the sense that rocks are simply masses of minerals,
1. Air pressure is the force exerted by the weight of a column of air above a given
2. Wind is created by the differences in pressure in different geographical areas.
3. The two types of pressure centers are cyclones (lows) and anticyclo
Professor R. Unger
28 Oct. 2015
Chapter 7: Volcanoes and Other Igneous Activity - Questions
1. What is the difference between magma and lava?
Answer: Magma is the molten material beneath Earth's crust. This material consists of ro
Professor R. Unger
14 Oct. 2015
Chapter 5: Plate Tectonics: A Scientific Revolution Unfolds - Questions
1. Who is credited with developing the continental drift hypothesis?
Answer: Alfred Wegener
2. Early in this century, what was
1) Which of the following lithospheric plates is not included among the seven largest?
a. The Philippine plate
2) Earths lithospheric plates are composed of crust and which of the following layers?
a. The outermost portion of the core
3) Which of th
1) Refer to the periodic table of the elements to help you answer this question. If the number of
protons in an electrically neutral atom is 92 and its mass number is 238, what is the name of that
element, its number of electrons, and number of neut
1) Which parameter best defines the primary difference between weather and climate?
2) Which of the following is not among the elements of weather?
a. time of sunrise and sunset
3) In considering a move to a place that is unfamiliar to you,
Magma viscosity and eruption style
a. Explosive eruption: volcano fed by silica-rich magma
b. Nonexplosive eruption; volcano fed by mafic (basaltic)magma, volcano fed by magma
with low a
1) The coastlines with the greatest tsunami hazard are most commonly associated with what type
of plate boundary?
2) Which of the following statements about earthquakes and tsunami hazards is most accurate?
a. A relatively high number
1) Using this information, rank the three different plate boundary types in terms of the severity of
the earthquakes they produce. From highest to lowest
a. Convergent, transform, divergent
2) The maps show an obvious correlation between earthquakes
GEO 100 Earth Science Chapter 1 Suggested Exercises
1. From the powers of ten video: Place the following in order of their size from the
smallest to the largest:
Universe, atom, electrons, Earth, the Sun, the Solar System, the distance to the nearest
Chapter 3 Suggested Exercises Geo 100
1. Explain how our Sun & solar system formed, i.e., describe the solar nebular theory.
2. What was our nebula composed of? How do we know?
3. Describe the condensation sequence. How does it explain the differences bet