Mischiefs of Factions
Faction- a number of citizens united and activated by a common interest and
opposed to the rights of others or the public good.
Evils of Factions
Factions focus on self-interest and ignore the public good.
Concentrate on select congressman and staffs on
committees. Lobby committee staff, because they can put
things right into bill. Have friends lobby other members. They
can also lobby in just one chamber or both. Lobby party
leaders, who can intervene in
April 10th, 2014
Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission
BeforeFederal law banned corporations and unions from using funds to
pay for independent ads.
Nowthe court overturned this ban; corporate and union funds can be used
for independent ads.
Interest Groups & Elections
Most groups do not engage in recruitment activities (parties tend to do recruitment)
Many groups are consulted about potential candidates
Some groups (Emilys list) try to encourage individuals sym
April 1st, 2014
Pluralism Emphasizes the importance of groups in politics.
Groups are seen as critical to providing the public with representation.
Discourages government action to control groups.
Divisions within a political party
WHY DOES THE US HAVE PARTY
The US is a large and heterogeneous country
There are only two major parties in the US
The federal system enables each party to take a
somewhat different profile in
3/20/2014 Balance of Power in the Interest Group System
Rise of Citizen Groups
Inspired by the success of the civil rights movement, groups emerged to represent
o Civil Rights & Discrimination (NAACP)
o Womans Rights (NOW)
o Consumer / V
Partisanship and Executive Agencies
The bureaucracy is charged with implementing laws passed by Congress
Can these administrators be held responsible for implementing a party program?
o Political Appointees- chosen by president to implement the
February 18th, 2014
PARTIES & ELECTIONS (CONGRESSIONAL RULES)
Allocating Seats- Until 1910 seats were simply added to house when states gained population.
- 1910 the House could not expand any further (Seats have to be taken away)
- Thus, reapportionment
Party Organizations- Parties are strong on everything, except organization
National Party Organization
Ex: RNC, DNC
Each has a committee & Organs (Smaller parts that assist) Ex. Woman Committee
No National Machine
National Parties have been
TEST REQUIREMENTS and STUDY SUGGESTIONS: 101day
Each test will consist of some combination of multiple choice questions , short answer
questions, and/or essays. The lectures, the text readings, the articles, the discussions,
and the videos are all include